Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Causes and Ulcerative Colitis Treatment

RICHARD G 8:46:00 PM
RICHARD G
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Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Causes and Ulcerative Colitis Treatment. Ulcerative colitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the intestinal tract wall.

The disease is one of the more specific types of colon colitis or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Symptoms, Causes and Ulcerative Colitis Treatment
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation that occurs in the colon (colon) and rectum. In this disease, there are ulcers or wounds in the wall of the colon, causing the stool to be mixed with blood. Ulcerative colitis can occur in anyone, but more often attacks those under 30 years of age.

Ulcerative colitis itself has several types, which include:
  1. Ulcerative Proksumaris: Inflammation occurs in the rectum, and will likely cause rectal bleeding. Ulcerative Proksumaris The most common, lightweight, and the slight risk of complications.
  2. Proctosigmoiditis: Inflammation occurs in the rectum and sigmoid colon (lower end of the colon). You will generally find it hard to defecate, despite the urge to do so (stomach feels heartburn). This condition is called Tenesmus.
  3. Colitis left side: Inflammation occurs on the left side of the colon (rectum, sigmoid colon, and colon descendants). This inflammation is also known as limited or distal colitis.
  4. Pancolitis: Inflammation occurs in all parts of the intestine.
Irritation and inflammation in the intestinal wall may interfere with digestive processes and the absorption of nutrients feeding throughout the body.

Inflammation can also cause bleeding to remove pus and slime.

Ulcerative colitis is a condition that can cause your colon to swell and may cause minor perforation.

Perforation is the proliferation of tissues in the intestines that allow feces to leak into your stomach. These complications can lead to life-threatening peritonitis infections.

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis is a recurrent disease. When relapse, ulcerative colitis symptoms can vary from mild to severe and frequent.

Recurrence of symptoms that feel severe and lasts for a few days or weeks is called a flare-up.

After a flare-up period, the body condition usually goes into remission, where the inflammation of the colon begins to slowly subside.

Symptoms of Ulcerative colitis are:
  • Diarrhea accompanied by blood, slime, or pus.
  • Abdominal pain or cramps.
  • Often want to defecate, but the stool tends not to be out.
  • Fatigue.
  • Pain in the rectum.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fever.
  • Severe attacks marked defecation more than 6 times a day, irregular heartbeat, as well as rapid breathing.
Other symptoms may also be affected by inflammation in the colon, including joint pain in the knee, ankle, and wrist.

Symptoms of Ulcerative colitis may also affect the eye.

If you suffer from ulcerative colitis for a long time, you may experience symptoms in other areas of your body such as rash, canker sores, and joint pain.

When a person with ulcerative colitis conditions defecates, chances of pain in the left part of the stomach will slightly subside.

In addition, there are also some traits and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have the same complaint, please consult your doctor.

Causes of Ulcerative Colitis
The cause of ulcerative colitis is not necessarily known but is suspected to be caused by an autoimmune response, which is an abnormal immune system.

Consequently, the immune system invades the cells of the digestive system itself.

The exact cause of the disease is still uncertain. Previously, most physicians suspected a strict diet and stress were two conditions that could exacerbate ulcerative colitis.

Another cause that is suspected of causing ulcerative colitis is dysfunction in the body's immunity.

When the immune system is supposed to combat viruses and bacteria, the abnormal immune system precisely attacks the cells of the digestive system itself.

Genetic factors contribute to the important role of increasing the risk of ulcerative colitis. Nevertheless, many patients do not have a history of ulcerative colitis in his family.

Risk Factors for ulcerative colitis
What increases your risk of having ulcerative colitis?
Some risk factors that can affect your chances of being exposed to ulcerative colitis are:
  • Age. This condition can occur at any age, but it usually appears before the age of 30. There are also some people who have recently been affected by the disease at the age of 60.
  • Interracial. This condition can occur in any race class. However, white people (the Caucasians) have a higher risk of digestive infections than Asians.
  • Family history. You are at a higher risk of ulcerative colitis when there are family members such as parents, siblings, or children, who also have the disease.
  • Using Isotretinoin. Isotretinoin drugs (Amnesty, Claravis, Sotret; formerly called Accutane) used to cope with acne and acne scars may increase the risk factors of ulcerative colitis. But the clarity of the relationship between the condition and isotretinoin has not been determined.

Ulcerative Colitis Treatment
Ulcerative colitis includes a disease that is not curable. The purpose of treatment is to relieve symptoms, especially when the attack occurs.

The treatment of this disease serves to prevent the recurrence of symptoms. These handling measures include:
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation.
  • Immunosuppressive drugs to suppress the response of the immune system that triggers inflammation.
  • Surgical action, if the people with often suffered severe attacks that can not be handled by drugs.
  • Lifestyle changes to prevent recurrence and worsening of symptoms, such as consuming low-fat foods, increasing fluid and fiber intake, consuming supplements, limiting consumption of dairy products, avoiding liquor and cigarettes, and Reduce stress by exercising lightly or doing relaxation.
What are the medications available for ulcerative colitis?
The goal of the treatment of ulcerative colitis is to reduce symptoms, control inflammation, and prevent complications.

Here are some of the medications that the doctor is likely to provide with a prescription according to their respective conditions and diagnosis:

1. Inflammatory drugs
Anti-inflammatory drugs are drugs that are often used as a treatment of ulcerative colitis the first step:

5-Aminosalicylates
The drug will be administered depending on where the colon is affected. You can drink it orally, or you will be prescribed a doctor as an enema and suppository.

Some examples of these ulcerative colitis drugs include Azulfidine (sulfasalazine), Asacol HD and Delzicol (mesalamine), Colazal (Balsalazide), and Dipentum (Olsalazine).

Corticosteroids
Prednisone drugs and hydrocortisone will generally be prescribed for those of you who have the severity of moderate ulcerative colitis to severe, and also your condition does not respond to other treatments.

The body cannot respond to medications can be caused due to side effects, such as weight gain, high blood pressure, mood swings, fluid retention, and osteoporosis.

2. Immune system suppressor.
Ulcerative colitis is a condition that can be administered immune system suppressive drugs. These drugs control inflammation by suppressing the immune system response.

These medications are often administered in combination, such as:
  • Azathioprine. It is the most widely used immunosuppressive drug for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. This drug suppresses the immune system by disrupting the body's DNA molecular production. If you are taking this medication, you should keep the consultation directly with your doctor. The doctor will also check your blood regularly because side effects can affect the liver and pancreas.
  • Cyclosporine: This is an ulcerative colitis drug commonly prescribed for people whose body has not responded to other drugs well. Cyclosporine is believed to work by suppressing lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Because Cyclosporine has potentially serious side effects, it is not prescribed for long-term use.
  • Infliximab, Adalimumab, and Golimumab: These medications are referred to as tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNF). The drug controls the body's abnormal immune response. The drug is usually used in people who have not responded or can not tolerate other treatments.
  • Vedolizumab: Ulcerative colitis can be treated using this drug. Vedolizumab is a drug that will be administered with no responding condition or can not tolerate other treatments. The drug works by blocking inflammatory cells from up to the location of the inflammation.
3. Antibiotics
Antibiotic medications can be prescribed if there is suspected infection in the colon, but people with ulcerative colitis sometimes will not be prescribed antibiotic medication if there are no symptoms of bacterial infections.

This is because antibiotic medications can cause diarrhea.

Home Remedies
What are some forms of lifestyle changes in the home that can help treat ulcerative colitis?

Following are the forms of a healthy lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with ulcerative colitis:
  • Consumption of drugs as instructed by a physician;
  • Ask your doctor if you can drink vitamins, mineral supplements, and iron tablets;
  • Strive to carry out the normal physical activity;
  • Meet doctors periodically. Colonoscopy examination is essential to periodically monitor how your disease is progressing and prevent it from worsening into bowel cancer.
If you have any questions, please consult a professional doctor for the best medical solution.

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