Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease

RICHARD G 11:35:00 PM

Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease. Characteristics of people affected by dengue fever. Certainly no stranger to us with this one disease, yes Dengue fever is so feared because it could lead to death.

Then there is no wonder there are many who want to know how the features of dengue fever both in adults and children.
Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease
When fever is struck, it does make anyone worried lest the cause is dengue fever, in relation to fever itself is a symptom that has many causes, then it is somewhat difficult for us to ascertain whether there are fever traits Bleeding or just a fever caused by mild illness.

What are the symptoms and traits of Dengue fever?
After having been bitten by mosquitoes of viral carriers, dengue fever symptoms do not appear immediately but wait for incubation period ranges from 3-14 (usually 4-7) days. Dengue Virus will cause disease in two forms:
  • Dengue Fever
  • Dengue Fever
Recognizing Dengue fever features
The characteristic of dengue virus infection in the early stages is a sudden high fever and pain behind the eyeball. Other complaints that are not typical such as headaches, aches, and so on as we experience flu (flu-like symptoms).

However, in this disease, the fever is higher than the flu, and there are usually no complaints of the watery nose and sneezing (if there is no prominence).

More fully, here are the features and symptoms of dengue fever that you should know:
  • Experiencing high-temperature fever can reach 40 ° C.
  • Chills.
  • Severe headaches.
  • Pain behind the eyeball.
  • Low back pain.
  • Pain in the legs and joints.
  • Redness rash on the skin.
  • A rash that is in the form of bleeding spots under the skin (petechiae) that are black-colored red.
  • There may also be gastritis with a combination of pain in the stomach accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  • In some cases, dengue fever shows lighter symptoms that can be incorrectly diagnosed as influenza, chikungunya, or other viral infections when there is no rash.
Fevers in Dengue fever or bloody fever lasted about six to seven days, on the day of 1-2 high fever, the 3-4 days of fever fell, the day to 5-6 the Fever rose again (slightly) formed a pattern of horse saddle or called a biphasic pattern.

Clinically, the fever will be followed by a decrease in the number of platelets to normal sufferer temperature.

Keep in mind the following major symptoms of dengue fever:
  • Sudden high fever.
  • Severe headaches (especially on the forehead).
  • Pain behind the eyes that deteriorates with the eye movements.
  • Whole-body pain and joint pain.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
Infection with dengue virus or bloody fever is sometimes similar to the symptoms of chikungunya because the characteristics of both diseases are characterized by fever and pain of muscles and joints.

Although the disease is similar, the joint pain is more prominent and prolonged than dengue fever. In addition to that petechiae or bleeding spots more often occurs in cases of dengue fever infection.

Characteristics of Dengue fever slightly different from Dengue fever
Dengue fever is caused by the same virus with dengue fever.

No wonder, in the early symptoms of dengue fever is similar to the snored fever as above, but after a few days, there are signs of his trademark, namely signs of bleeding and leakage of plasma.

Why are bloody fever symptoms different? Because of this type of secondary infection which means the body already has antibodies to fight the virus.

However, the immune resistance to dengue viruses is what causes many of the effects that later become the symptoms we can observe.

Three things that distinguish dengue fever with Dengue fever, in dengue fever occur plasma leaks due to increased vascular permeability, hypovolemia, and abnormal blood clotting mechanisms.
  • Increased vascular permeability. Blood vessels are more fragile so that the fluid in them can seep out (leaking) into the surrounding tissues. It also causes bleeding.
  • Hypovolemia. The fluid in the blood vessels decreases due to the leakage. Blood pressure can drop even to the drop.
  • Abnormal blood clotting. Due to the number of platelets dropping, the freezing process does not go well so that the bleeding can continue.
How can we recognize the Dengue fever features?
The initial symptoms of dengue fever are similar or even the same as for dengue fever, but when fever on the fourth day, people with dengue fever will experience signs of bleeding and plasma leakage that can even enter the critical phase.

Here are the features and symptoms of dengue fever that need to be wary of:
  • Sudden high fever.
  • Severe headaches (especially on the forehead).
  • Pain behind the eyes that deteriorates with the eye movements.
  • Whole-body pain and joint pain.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Redness rash on the skin.
  • A rash that is in the form of bleeding spots under the skin (petechiae) that are black-colored red.
  • Bleeding from the nose, mouth and gums or skin bruising.
  • Severe and persistent pain in the stomach.
  • Often vomiting with or without blood.
  • Defecate black Color (Melena).
  • Excessive thirst (dry mouth).
  • Pale, cold palpable skin.
  • Anxiety, or drowsiness.
  • Shortness of breath.
Dengue fever is often initiated with sudden temperature rises accompanied by a reddish hot face and other flu-like symptoms described above. Fever usually lasts for 2-7 days and the temperature can reach 41 ° C.

In the case of moderate dengue fever, all signs and symptoms will subside after the fever drops. In severe cases, the condition of the patient may suddenly deteriorate after a few days of fever; Temperature drops, followed by signs of blood circulation failure due to low blood volume due to leakage.

If so, the sufferer may quickly enter the critical state of shock known as Dengue Shock Syndrome.

The initial sign due to fragile blood vessels is a small hemorrhage that may appear as small spots on the skin (petechiae) and can also be a larger lower skin bleeding (ekimosis).

As the journey of the disease deteriorates, bleeding can occur in the internal organs, such as in the gastrointestinal tract, causing vomiting of blood or black CHAPTER., it can also occur in the inner cavity, such as the abdominal cavity and chest that can not be seen from the outside.

If a lot of blood is coming out, then let alone that will be pumped by the heart, this is why one experiences shock. Shock can cause death within 12 to 24 hours. However, if the patient gets the right treatment, it may still be healed.

The change from BDB to DSS occurs after 3-5 days of fever. In this phase, fever is often dropped. Beware, this can be misleading because many consider that when the fever drops then the patient will heal. Quite the contrary, this is the most dangerous bloody fever phase that requires high alertness.

Dengue Shock Syndrome Dengue fever symptoms Plus:
  • The pulse is fast and weak.
  • Pulse pressure of less than 20 mmHg.
  • Cold, wet and restless skin.

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