Marfan Syndrome - How to Treat and Risk of Marfan Syndrome

RICHARD G November 10, 2019
RICHARD G
11.10.2019

Marfan Syndrome - How to Treat and Risk of Marfan Syndrome. Risk Factors Marfan Syndrome.

What increases the risk of Marfan's syndrome?
Marfan's syndrome affects both males and females and appears among all racial and ethnic groups.
Because it is a genetic condition, the biggest risk factor of Marfan's syndrome is having a parent or family member with this abnormality.
Read Also : Marfan Syndrome - Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Marfan Syndrome
Diagnosis & Marfan syndrome Treatment
The information described is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor.
How does a doctor diagnose Marfan's syndrome?
When doctors suspect the presence of this disease, you will undergo a thorough physical examination of the eyes, heart, blood vessels, muscular system, and skeleton.

The doctor will also inquire about your health history and your family, to get information on whether the disease is inherited from the family.

Other tests that are useful for diagnosing these conditions include:
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Eye examination
  • Eye pressure test
When the invention of the standard examination for this syndrome is not so obvious, genetic testing may be helpful.

If you are positive about this syndrome, you may also need to consult a genetic counselor before having a child.

This is done to see if there is a chance of lowering this genetic disorder to your prospective child.

Complications of Marfan syndrome
Because Marfan's syndrome can affect almost all parts of the body, this disease may cause a variety of complications.

Complications of the most dangerous syndrome involve the heart and blood vessels. A defective connective tissue is able to weaken the aortic — a large artery that flows from the heart and supplies blood to the body.

> Aortic aneurysm
Blood pressure leaving the heart is capable of causing the aortic wall to bulge, such as a weak point on a vehicle tire.

> Aortic dissection
The aortic walls are made of various layers. Aortic dissection occurs when small tears inside the inner layer of the aortic wall let blood press between the inner and outer wall layers. This leads to tremendous pain in the chest or back. Aortic dissection weakens the structure of vessels and can result in tears, which may be lethal.

> Malformation Valve
Patients with Marfan syndrome are also more susceptible to problems with heart valves, which may be deformed or too elastic. When the heart valve does not work properly, the heart often has to work harder to replace it, resulting in heart failure.

Eye complications may include:
  • Dislocation of eye lenses
  • Retina disorders
  • Glaucoma or early cataract
Marfan's syndrome also increases the risk of unnatural vertebrae, such as scoliosis. This syndrome can also inhibit the development of normal ribs, which at risk of causing the breastbone to pop or appear drowning into the chest. Leg pain and lower back are also often experienced by patients with Marfan syndrome.

How to treat Marfan syndrome
People experiencing Marfan's syndrome are treated by a multidisciplinary medical team consisting of geneticists, cardiologists, ophthalmologists, bone surgeons, and thoracic surgeons.

Although there is no cure for Marfan's syndrome, treatment focuses on preventing various complications of the disease. To find out what treatment is most appropriate, you should be checked regularly for signs that damage caused by disease is developing.

Home remedies for Marfan syndrome disease
What are the home remedies or lifestyle changes that can be made to prevent or reduce symptoms of Marfan's syndrome?
Read Also : Marfan Syndrome - Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Marfan Syndrome
You can do some treatment independently to prevent or reduce signs of Marfan's syndrome. Some of them are:
  1. Activities
    Most people with Marfan syndrome can participate in certain types of physical activity and/or recreational activities. People with aortic widening cannot exercise high-intensity groups, contact sports, and isometric sports (such as lifting weights). Widened people with aortic are advised to avoid high-intensity team sports, contact sports and isometric sports (a variety of weights). Ask your cardiologist about the activity referral for you.
  2. Pregnancy
    Genetic counseling should be done before pregnancy because most cases of Marfan syndrome are congenital conditions since birth. Follow-up blood pressure screening as often as possible and the monthly echocardiogram is carefully needed during pregnancy. If there is a very fast enlargement or widening of the aortic, rest on the bed or surgery may be required. The doctor will discuss with you the best childbirth method.
  3. Prevention of Endocarditis
    Patients with Marfan syndrome involving the heart or heart valves or who have undergone heart surgery may be more risky to be exposed to endocarditis bacterial, i.e., valve infections or cardiac tissues that arise when bacteria enter the bloodstream. To reduce the risk of endocarditis, antibiotics are required in Marfan syndrome patients who will undergo surgical procedures. Consult the doctor about the type and amount of antibiotics that you should drink.
  4. Emotional ConsiderationsPatients with genetic disorders are susceptible to stress, emotional distress, financial problems, and are in need of adjustment of view and lifestyle. To avoid any such pressure, you will always need the support of the people around you.
  5. Follow-up
    Regular follow-up checks include cardiovascular, eye, and skeletal examination, especially during periods of growth. The doctor will discuss the frequency of follow up.

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