How to Overcome Skin Cancer, Characteristics and Symptoms of Skin Cancer

RICHARD G August 14, 2019
RICHARD G
8.14.2019

Skin cancer Symptoms. Skin cancer is one of the diseases that symptoms are often neglected because they are similar to other diseases.

In addition, skin cancer is also sometimes not found because it has a starting sign in the form of moles, which is a regular condition.

Therefore, it is necessary to check more detail to see if a person is properly experiencing skin cancer or not. In addition to conducting self-examination, can also be through doctor examination.

Skin cancer Symptoms

There are several factors that can cause skin cancer, ranging from congenital abnormalities, hereditary factors, to the presence of viral infections or even lifestyles. Such as direct sunlight exposure.

There are three most common types of skin cancers:
  • Basal cell carcinoma, which is skin cancer derived from cells in the deepest part of the outer skin layer (epidermis).
  • Squamous cell carcinoma, which is skin cancer derived from cells in the middle and outer parts of the epidermis.
  • Melanoma, which is skin cancer derived from the skin pigment-producing cells (melanocytes).
  • Melanoma cancer is less common than basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma but is more harmful.
Before we discuss skin cancer symptoms and how to treat skin cancer or how to cope with skin cancer, please refer to the characteristics of skin cancer below.

Well, what are some characteristics of skin cancer that need to be wary of?

1. Skin Spots
One of the earliest characteristics of skin cancer that can be observed is the presence of unusual patches on the skin. These spots can also appear suddenly without Mama realizing what the cause is.
If initially, the patches that appear may be small in size, then in the skin cancer the spots will grow more and wider.

So do not ignore when the black patches suddenly appear, which are then enlarged and may become painful.

2. Skin so looked scaly
Besides the emergence of sudden and enlarged spots, also notice sudden skin surface so scaly and accompanied by itching.

Yes, skin that is experiencing early symptoms of cancer can also be characterized by the emergence of scaly sides of the skin. This is due to damage to the skin cells due to the emergence of cancer cells, Ma.

Consequently, the skin is not able to regenerate well, so the scales appear on the surface of the skin.

3. There is a lump on the skin surface
In certain types of cancers, the emergence of lumps on the surface of the skin that is not accompanied by pain can be an early sign. No exception to skin cancers.

When Mama finds there is a lump on the surface of the skin on some parts of the body, especially on the part of the body that is often exposed to sunlight directly, this caution can be an early sign of skin cancer as well, Ma.

This lump can also appear in the fold areas such as the armpit or neck, especially when the cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes. When this is the case, cancer that starts at the bottom of the skin is not recognized by Mama and has spread.

4. Moles grow enlarged and colored
If Mama initially had a mole, then suddenly there was a change especially on its size, color, and asymmetric level, so it could be an early sign of skin cancer.

Skin cancer of melanoma is often difficult to distinguish with ordinary moles. The characteristic of melanoma skin cancer is a large brown spot on the skin, this mole-like lump can change color, enlarge and sometimes even can bleed.

Note that if the mole in Mama's skin becomes asymmetrical in shape, it is colored like black, blue or even reddish, as well as changing size to become increasingly larger. This can be an early sign of skin cancer melanoma type.

5. Joint Pain
In addition to spreading to the lymph nodes and causing lumps in the folds such as the armpit and neck, cancer cells that spread to the bones can also cause signs such as pain.

Well, this pain is usually more common in the joints of the knee and waist. The type of cancer that can spread like this is for example melanoma.

So if there is a pain in the knee or waist without being known why, if accompanied by the characteristics of other skin cancers, check to the doctor immediately.

6. Appears minor and rough injuries
In skin cancers of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, the initial sign usually appears in the form of minor injuries that are coarse and scaly. Gradually, this little wound or lump can also be crusted.

Areas often affected by the disease are usually in areas of the body that are often exposed to sunlight such as the scalp, neck, and face.

In addition, other areas such as the chest and back also remain at risk of experiencing this type of skin cancer, Ma.

7. Skin surface so itching and pain
When the skin is flaky, the sign of other skin cancers that must also be wary of is the appearance of itching and even pain.

When itching arises, it is one sign that cancer cells are attacking healthy body skin cells.
This itching and tenderness usually appear first on the surface of the skin that looks rough and scaly.

Causes of skin cancer
Skin cancer is caused by alterations or genetic mutations in skin cells. The cause of the change itself is not yet known for certain, but allegedly due to excessive sunlight exposure.

Ultraviolet rays from the sun can damage the skin and trigger abnormal growth in skin cells. This condition is potentially developed into cancer.

In addition, there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing skin cancer:
Internal factors

• A History of skin cancer
A person who has suffered from high-risk skin cancer is exposed to skin cancer back. The risk of skin cancer will also increase if it has family members with a history of skin cancer.

• White Skin
Skin cancer can attack everyone regardless of skin color. However, white-skinned people have fewer melanin amounts, so the protection against ultraviolet rays is weaker.

• Moles
A person who has a lot of mole or mole with a large size is riskier to get skin cancer.

• Low immune system
People with lower immune systems are at high risk of developing skin cancer, including people with H*V/A*DS and those who consume immunosuppressive drugs.

• Solar keratosis
Exposure to sunlight can lead to the formation of coarse and scaly patches with varying colors in the face or hands. This condition is called solar keratosis. Solar Keratosis is a precancerous condition and is highly potentially transformed into cancer.

External factors

• Sun exposure
People who are often exposed to sunlight, especially those who do not use sunscreen, are more at risk of skin cancer. This condition occurs in people living in tropical climates or in high altitude areas.

• Radiation exposure
Patients with atopic eczema or acne who undergo treatment therapy with radiation therapy (radiotherapy) are at high risk of developing skin cancers, especially basal cell carcinoma.

• Exposure of chemicals
There are many chemicals that are suspected to cause cancer (carcinogenic), one of which is arsenic.
Skin Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms or signs of skin cancer generally appear on the parts of the body that are often exposed to sunlight, such as the scalp, face, ears, neck, arms, or limbs. However, skin cancers can also occur in parts of the body that are rarely exposed to sunlight, such as palms, feet, or even genital areas.

The following are the symptoms of skin cancer by type:

Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is characterized by soft and shiny lumps on the surface of the skin or a flat-shaped lesion in dark-colored or reddish-brown skin resembling meat.

Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is characterized by a hard red lump on the skin or lesions that form flat and scaly like a crust. Lesions can feel itchy, bleeding, and become a crust.

Skin Melanoma Cancer
Melanoma skin cancer is characterized by brown patches or lumps. Melanoma does resemble a regular mole, but the shape is more irregular. The ABCDE method can be used to distinguish ordinary moles with melanoma. These methods include:
  • Asymmetrical, most melanoma has a form that is not asymmetrical.
  • Border (Fringe), the edge of melanoma tends to be irregular.
  • Color, more than one melanoma color.
  • Diameter, melanoma size over 6 mm.
  • Evolution, such as changes in shape, color, or size of moles.
Evolution is the most important sign of melanoma.

Skin cancer treatment/How to treat skin cancer
Treatment of skin cancers depends on the type, location, and stage of skin cancer. There are several types of treatment that can be done, namely:

1. Cream for skin cancer
Treatment method with cream giving is done to treat early-stage cancer that only affects the upper layer of the skin.

2. cryotherapy
Cryotherapy is done using liquid nitrogen to produce cold temperatures and kill cancer cells in the early stages.

3. Operation
Surgery is done by lifting the cancer tissue along with the surrounding healthy skin. Surgery can also be done by lifting the tumor that grows in each layer of the skin and examining each layer under the microscope until there are no more cancer cells left (Mohs surgery).

4. curettage
This method of treatment is done by lifting the cancer tissues using a special tool called curettage. Then, the remaining cancer cells will be burned with an electric needle (cauterization).

5. Radiotherapy
This treatment is performed by exposing the radiation to kill the cancer cells. Radiotherapy is used when surgery is not possible or the spread of cancer cells has been widespread.

6. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is done by giving medications that are taken or injected to kill the cancer cells.

7. Biological therapy
Biological therapy is performed by providing medications or substances that can stimulate the immune system to fight cancer cells.

Complications of skin cancer
Every patient with skin cancer is at risk of returning skin cancer. These recurrent skin cancers can occur in the same body area or surrounding tissues. Skin cancers can also occur in other parts of the body. This condition occurs when the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body.

Skin cancer can directly affect the appearance, especially if it appears in areas that are not covered in clothing. This condition can trigger anxiety and depression in the sufferer.

How to prevent skin cancer
The best way to prevent skin cancer is to protect the skin from exposure to sunlight or other ultraviolet light sources, such as skin tanning tools. The steps you can take include:
  • Avoid sunlight during the day, because the strongest exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun takes place from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
  • Use sunscreen regularly, to prevent the absorption of ultraviolet rays into the skin and reduce the risk of sun damage caused by sunlight.
  • Use clothes that cover the body, such as long-sleeved shirts and trousers, to protect the skin from sunlight.
  • Use also hats and sunglasses when exiting the house, to provide more protection against the head and eyes of sunlight radiation.
  • Avoid the use of tanning bed, which is a tool to darken the skin as it can emit harmful ultraviolet radiation to the skin.
  • Be careful when using medications that cause side effects on the skin, such as antibiotics. To be safe, consult your doctor first.
  • Perform a regular skin screening and consult your doctor immediately, if you suspect any changes or abnormalities in the skin.
Such a brief review of skin cancers that include, skin cancer characteristics, skin cancer symptoms, how to prevent skin cancer, and how to treat skin cancer.

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