Syphilis Disease: Symptoms, Causes and the Treatment of Congenital Syphilis Disease

RICHARD G June 12, 2019
RICHARD G
6.12.2019

Symptoms, Causes and the Treatment of Congenital Syphilis Disease. Congenital syphilis is a condition in which a pregnant mother has syphilis but is not treated during pregnancy so that syphilis will be forwarded to the infant through the placenta. This, in the end, caused the infant to be infected with syphilis during childbirth. The risk of infecting the biggest babies is when mothers are in the early stages of syphilis. But transmission of infections through the placenta can still occur at any time during pregnancy.
Symptoms, Causes and the Treatment of Congenital Syphilis Disease
Congenital syphilis, illustration
Therefore, it is very important for women (risky) who are pregnant to perform laboratory tests to detect syphilis. The risk of infants getting syphilis is significantly reduced if the mother receives treatment during pregnancy. If mothers are treated before the 16th week of pregnancy, infants will usually not be infected with syphilis.

If an infected mother does not receive treatment, the pregnant woman may have a miscarriage, or the baby can be born dead, where it died shortly after birth or birth earlier. Meanwhile, complications that can occur in infants whose mothers are infected with syphilis and untreated include:
  • Flat nose bridge (nasal saddle/saddle nose), a distinctive physical picture in syphilis infected baby.
  • Permanent series of pegs, multiple spaces, and grooved at the end with crescent-shaped deformities in the center (a curved tooth or Hutchinson's tooth).
  • Inflammation of the cornea, which can lead to blindness (interstitial keratitis).
  • Progressive and life-threatening brain complications (neurosyphilis).
  • Bone deformities.
Meanwhile, the use of antibiotics can prevent the development of disease in infected infants. But if the first 6-12 months of the baby's life are not immediately addressed, this disease can evolve to a latent stage where no symptoms are present but complications can arise over time.

Infectious s*x diseases such as syphilis aka the King of Lions are usually very prone to occur in people who do not have s*x safely or mutually spouse. Although it is much experienced by the adult, in fact, this disease may occur in infants. In fact, the little ones can be infected since they are still in the womb. This happens because the mother has syphilis to transmit to her wedding. This condition is called congenital syphilis. So, how dangerous is congenital syphilis for the baby? Is it curable?

Congenital syphilis, an infection that threatens the baby's life
Congenital syphilis is a serious infection that can affect the disability of a lifetime and turn off in newborns. Pregnant women infected with Treponema pallidum can transmit the bacteria to the fetus through the placenta into the fetus.

Congenital syphilis is a life-threatening infection because it can attack a variety of organ systems in the body of the developing fetus. Syphilis infections can affect various body organs including the brain, the lymphatic system to the bones.

Pregnant women are very likely to transmit the infection to the fetus, especially if the disease is not treated and occurs in the second trimester. This infection may also increase the risk of low birth weight, premature birth, miscarriage, or stillbirth.

Symptoms experienced by infants
At first, a live-born baby from a syphilis mother may seem healthy and fine. But over time some symptoms may arise. Usually, infants under 2 years old who undergo congenital syphilis will experience:
  • Bone Disorders
  • Enlarged Liver
  • Not experiencing significant weight gain from newborn weight
  • Often fussy
  • Meningitis
  • Anemia
  • Skin rupture around the mouth, genitals, and anus
  • Skin rash
  • Cannot move arms and legs
  • Frequent discharge from the nose
In infants and children, congenital syphilis symptoms can be:
  • Tooth growth disorder
  • Disorders of the bones
  • Blindness or disturbances in the cornea
  • Hearing impairment up to deafness
  • Impaired nose bone growth
  • Joint swelling
  • Skin disorders around the mouth, genitals, and anus.
How can congenital syphilis be recognized?
Detection of diseases as early as possible in pregnant women can be done by performing various blood tests such as Fluorescent treponemal antibody absorbed test (FTA-ABS), Rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and Venereal Disease Research Laboratory Test (VDRL). Detection and handling as early as possible will be very beneficial to prevent transmission to the fetus.

In newborns, if suspected of syphilis infection, placenta examination can be performed accompanied by a physical examination of the baby against the presence of symptoms in organs of the body. Infant physical examination includes:
  • X-rays of the bones
  • Eye examination
  • Microscopic examination of syphilis bacteria
  • Blood test (same as in pregnant women).
How to deal with congenital syphilis in infants?
In pregnant women, the treatment will only be effective if syphilis infection occurs in the early phase with a physician's specific antibiotic administration. The treatment of advanced phase syphilis will be very harmful to the fetus so that it can cause spontaneous abortion reactions.

If the baby has been born, the treatment of infection also uses a specific antibiotic by the doctor as early as possible on the first 7 days after birth. The Regimen of antibiotic medications will also depend on the baby's weight condition as well as a history of infection and treatment of pregnant women.

Final symptoms in elderly infants until children with antibiotic medications are also likely to be required with gradual reduction of antibiotic doses and also accompanied by specific treatment of other body organs that may be exposed to The effects of infections such as eyes and ears.

Can this congenital syphilis be prevented?
Congenital syphilis infection is very dependent on the condition and history of the infection of pregnant women. Applying safe s*xual behavior before the conception period can prevent you from infection and the risk of transmitted syphilis. If you feel at risk of having syphilis infection immediately consult your doctor. Treatment as early as possible can prevent syphilis infection in the advanced phase.

Examination in pregnant women should also be done as early as possible in the first trimester of pregnancy. The examination should also be done again if the pregnant mother is diagnosed by another s*xually transmitted disease during pregnancy.

The chance to heal for mothers and infants is spared from very large infections if syphilis is detected and treated early. In some cases, syphilis that is handled during the end of pregnancy can eliminate the infection in pregnant women but the symptoms of syphilis infection can still be seen in newborns.

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