How to Prevent and Overcome Intestinal Worms

RICHARD G May 13, 2019
RICHARD G
5.13.2019

How to Prevent and Overcome Intestinal Worms. You must be a little much know about the worms. Yes, the worms are more often experienced by children due to the lazy habit of washing hands, especially after playing dirty-dirt. When the child inserts his dirty hand into the mouth, then the worm hiding behind the nail and the hand can enter the body and infect the intestines.
How to Prevent and Overcome Intestinal Worms
You may have often heard of worm infections, ribbon worms, or worm crackers. Apparently, intestinal worm infections can also be caused by many other types of worms, but are often missed. What are you? Let's see the full review below.
Read also : How To Prevent Intestinal Worms In Children
What is intestinal worm infection?
Worms that infect the intestines are known as parasitic worms. Speaking of intestinal worm infections, you may have often heard of ribbon worm infections and quarry worms. But because it is too focused on the two types of worms, most people do not have time to avoid the risk of other worm infections, until eventually experience it yourself.

Types of worms that often infect human intestine include:
  • Flatworms, e.g. ribbon worms.
  • Bracelet worm, which is a worm that causes ascariasis, worm Cremi, and quarry worm.
People with weakened immune systems, such as elderly people and HIV sufferers, are highly susceptible to infected intestinal worms. Pregnancy does not increase the risk of worms, but intestinal worm infections can harm the health of pregnant women.

Therefore, if you suspect infected worms during pregnancy, consult your doctor immediately. Because some antiparasitic drugs may not be safe for pregnant women. So, the doctor will prescribe other worms that are safe to consume when pregnant.

Regarding intestinal worm infections

Types of intestinal worms

Here are the types of worms that can infect the human intestine, including:
• Tapeworm
Ribbon worms are a type of flatworms that live and stick to the human colon wall. Ribbon worms can enter the body through contaminated water or eat immature meat. Most people affected by ribbon worm infections do not experience symptoms, or if there are symptoms tend to be very mild.

• Quarry worm
Mine worms enter the human body through infected dirty soils. The worm usually lays eggs in the small intestine, and the worm's eggs are carried away by feces.

When the egg hatches, the larvae of worms will be very easy to get into the body through the skin. For example, when you touch dirt or soil contaminated with worm larvae.

Just like ribbon worms, most people infected with a worm usually do not experience any symptoms. Symptoms also tend to resemble gastrointestinal disorders in general.

• Crew Worm
The crew worm usually lives in the colon and the anus human but is relatively harmless. Infectious worm infections can be transmitted by direct contact with others.

One of the most distinctive symptoms of a crew the worm infection is itching around the anus, especially at night. At this time, the female worm crawls out of the anus and lays eggs in the skin around the anus. That is why people with worm infections tend to be hard to sleep because they are disturbed by an itchy anus.

• Ascariasis
Ascariasis is a worm infection of the bracelet that occurs in the intestines. This type of worm is similar to a mine worm infection, the difference only on the length of worms.

The transmission of ascariasis occurs when a person touches a soil contaminated with the larvae of worms, then he accidentally inserts his hands into the mouth. It is often experienced by children who frequently play in the field.

People affected by intestinal worm infections usually only experience mild symptoms, even sometimes without symptoms. However, severe intestinal worm infections can cause intestinal blockage and interfere with the growth of children.

• Trichinella
Trichinella is a type of worm that can be transmitted through the consumption of raw meat infected with worm larvae. When the meat is eaten, the larva will grow in the intestines and slowly infect the body. In fact, Trichinella worms can move and live in other body tissues, one of which is muscle.

The symptoms of Trichinella worm infections in the intestines are similar to gastrointestinal disorders in general. However, some people also experience:
  • Muscle Aches
  • Joint Pain
  • Chills
  • Swelling of the face or eyes
Severe worm infections can cause respiratory or heart disorders, so the sufferer is hard to move. The fatalities, Trichinella worms can cause death if the infection is not quickly handled.

Causes of intestinal worm infections

One of the causes of intestinal worm infections is eating less mature meat, while the meat is already infected with worms. Some of the meat of susceptible animals infected with worms are beef, pork, or fish.

In addition, there are also several other causes of intestinal worm infections, including:
  • Drink contaminated water.
  • Touching contaminated dirt.
  • Poor sanitation.
  • Poor hygiene, one of them is lazy hand washing.
Take the example when you eat contaminated meat, the parasitic worm in it will move to the intestines. These worms will continue to grow and multiply in the intestines, then absorb the nutrients from your colon wall. When the number of worms in the intestines more and more, coupled with a low immune system, then the sufferer begins to feel the symptoms of intestinal worms.

Symptoms of intestinal worm infections
Intestinal worm infection symptoms are often misinterpreted with other bowel disorders symptoms. Judging by the symptoms, a person who is experiencing worm infections in his case will experience:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting
  • Flatulence
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss with no obvious cause
Dysentery can also be one of the symptoms of worm infections in some people. Dysentery is a condition when intestinal infections cause bloody diarrhea and mucus in the feces.

Not only that, but intestinal worm infections can also trigger rashes or itching around the anus or vulva (the outside that surrounds the urinary holes in women). In some cases, the feces of the sufferer contain worms derived from the stem. On the other hand, some others do not experience any symptoms when exposed to worm infections.

Consult your doctor immediately if you experience any symptoms:
  • Blood or pus appearing in the feces
  • Vomiting often, even daily
  • High fever
  • Feeling very tired and dehydrated
Prevention of intestinal worm infections
The most important way to prevent infections of intestinal worms is to wash hands diligently. The way, wash your hands using soap and water flowing before and after going to the toilet, touching the ground, or shaking hands with others.

Also, be mindful of your food. How:
  • Avoid eating raw fish or meat.
  • Freeze fish or meat up to-20 degrees Celsius for at least 24 hours.
  • Cook meat until thoroughly cooked, at least with cooking temperature 62,8-71 degrees Celsius.
  • Wash, peel, and cook all vegetables as well as raw fruits until cooked.
  • Wash your hands before and after preparing food, eating, and food.
Treatment of intestinal worm infections
When you experience one or more of the above symptoms, especially after you have gone abroad recently, visit the nearest physician immediately. The doctor will do a number of checks to detect whether you are properly experiencing intestinal worm infections or not.

Some of the tests that can be performed include:
  • Feces screening, by taking a sample of stool to ensure parasitic worms in the body.
  • Scotch test tape, i.e. the procedure of pasting a type of adhesive around the anus to take eggs in the Kremi worm. Afterward, the adhesive is examined under the microscope to ensure the presence of parasitic worms.
  • Blood screening, performed if 2 previous examinations could not detect worms or eggs. This blood test serves to look for antibodies that are produced by the body when infected parasitic worms.
  • CT-Scan or MRI, to see the spread of worm infections in the intestines.
Intestinal worm infections caused by ribbon worms can usually heal by itself. Most importantly, your immune system is strong and routinely undergo a healthy lifestyle.

Depending on the type of tattoos, you may need an antiparasitic drug to get rid of worms in the intestines. Ribbon worm infections are usually treated with praziquantel drugs. This type of medication can make the tapeworm apart from the intestinal wall, dissolve it, and secreted by feces.

Whereas if you experience an infection of worm bracelets or mine worms, the doctor will prescribe antihelmintic medications such as mebendazole and Albendazole. After taking the drug, infection symptoms will usually improve in the next few weeks. While taking the medication, the doctor will continue to examine your stool samples to see if the worm has been lost or still left in the intestines.

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