Pneumonia Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and How to Treat Pneumonia

RICHARD G October 12, 2018
RICHARD G
10.12.2018

Definition and an overview of pneumonia
Pneumonia Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and How to Treat Pneumonia. Pneumonia is a disease marked by an acute infection of the lung parenkim. This is usually caused by a virus or bacteria, and attack the alveoli, the tiny air sacs or on the lungs. The alveoli are filled by an infected fluid so reducing lung capacity and oxygen supplies.
How to Treat Pneumonia
How to Treat Pneumonia
Pneumonia is generally grouped by cause of infection. Pneumonia is obtained from the community is the type of the retrieved patients from the surrounding environment. Pneumonia associated with healthcare is obtained from different types of health facilities, such as hospitals. The organism responsible for this type of more evil than the other types.

Pneumonia is one of the most frequent health conditions going on in the world, attack 450 million patients each year, of which 150 million of whom are children. About 4 million people died every year due to this disease, making the disease entered in the top ten most deadly annual causes of death in the world.

In children, this condition is the number one killer in the world. Although everyone can be exposed to pneumonia, the age of extremes – very young and very old — is an age in which this condition can be very severe. Developing countries five times more infected than developed countries. Cases of pneumonia mostly appear in the region of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Causes Of Pneumonia
Wet lungs are usually preceded by an infection in the upper respiratory system. This infection is usually caused by viruses and bacteria, but infection caused by parasites and fungi can also occur. The organisms usually enter into the pulmonary system through the air that is smoked by the body.

Some organisms can also infect a person's lungs through the bloodstream. After entry into the respiratory tract, the organism then attacked parenkim and alveoli of the lungs of a person. The body will then produce immune against these organisms, that can lead to the release of cytokines, inflammation, joint damage to the lungs and pulmonary system.

The risk of pneumonia the greater for patients who suffer from certain health conditions, including those who have a weak immune system, COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and prolonged conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease.

They are ever hospitalized for quite a long period of time, especially those who are intubated and are using the breathing AIDS, are also at high risk are exposed to this disease. The habit of smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages, as well as exposure to farm animals and bird droppings, also increase the risk of a person exposed to pneumonia.

Bacterial infection is the cause of pneumonia is the most common case. Bacteria are the most frequent cause of this condition is Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza, followed by. Sucking bowels also cause anaerobic organism sucked by someone. Meanwhile, a type of virus that most commonly cause this condition is the RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), rhinovirus and influenza viruses, particularly throughout the flu season.

Infection due to parasites and fungus typically occurs in those who have a weak immune system, and living or traveling to areas where the organism develops. For patients who are infected with HIV, an infection caused by Pneumocystis jiroveci quite often happens, and often deadly.

Infection caused by a mix of the above organisms can occur in 15-45% of the total cases of pneumonia.

The main symptoms of the pulmonary inflammatory disease
How to Treat Pneumonia. Symptoms of pneumonia are the most common cough that phlegm so. This is usually attributed to there is phlegm (sputum) colored greenish or yellowish, but the phlegm that carries blood can also occur. The condition is usually associated with fever and chills. Some patients may also experience the symptoms that are not specialized, such as fatigue and enlarged lumps in the neck.

Chest pain, especially while it is pulling air, can also occur. Breathing difficulties are also quite common and are usually marked with the increasing speed of breathing and sneezing. Patients, especially children, can experience the attraction on their chests, and even use the muscles help to breathe, as the muscles of the neck.

In more severe cases, the patient may be experiencing waning or skin color of cyanosis and decreased the level of consciousness, signifying the lack of intake of oxygen. Some patients, especially the elderly and suffering from chronic pain, may experience unusual symptoms, such as abdominal pain or confusion.

Who can be Found and the types of treatments available
If you suffer from symptoms of lung wet, then you should consult with your physician or local health experts. Health experts will conduct a physical exam and ask you to undergo laboratory tests. A test lab that performed include complete blood examination, research the phlegm to know what kind of organisms that cause the condition, x-rays, and tests on the chest to find the existence of a leak in the lungs.

Most cases of mild pneumonia can be treated at home. The patient will usually be given antibiotics to fight off organisms that invade the body. They will usually start to feel better after 2 or 3 days of consuming the antibiotics. In addition to consuming antibiotics, patients are also advised to rest for a few days so that the body recovered and can fight off the infection.
Read Also : Nine Ways Of Treating Pulmonary Pneumonia Naturally
You will also be encouraged to increase the consumption of fluids, avoiding exposure to air pollution, and stop smoking.

However, if the symptoms you are experiencing does not improve or worsen instead, or if you have a health condition or other illness, you should immediately consult your doctor.

In this case, You will likely be referred to hospitals for further handling where a stronger drug through blood flow can be made for longer periods of time. Infants under two months suffering from pneumonia should also be hospitalized. Pneumonia severe should be handled by a specialist respiratory (pulmonary).

In General, pneumonia will usually recover after a week of consuming the right antibiotics, although some symptoms may take several weeks to recover fully. For most cases of pneumonia, death rates low; However, if patients are to have to be hospitalized, the death rate increased by 10% and even more if the patient should be referred to the intensive care section.

Complications, such as pleural effusion (fluid in the pleural cavity buildup), empyema (pus in the pleural cavity), respiratory failure and sepsis (blood poisoning) may occur in patients who are elderly and those who suffer from serious diseases.

Pneumonia is a disease which can be avoided which might cause unwanted conditions, even sometimes death. Vaccination is recommended to prevent the development of pneumonia, or at least minimize the severity of the condition. Pneumococcal immunization is recommended especially for those aged over 65 years, those suffering from chronic health conditions, and smokers. In children, vaccination is an important aspect to prevent wet lungs and reduce the death rate in children.

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