It is these factors, symptoms, and causes of heart disease

RICHARD G October 20, 2018
RICHARD G
10.20.2018

Factors, symptoms, and causes of heart disease. The causes of heart disease vary widely, ranging from problems in blood vessels of the heart, the rhythm of the heart, to the innate. The following will explain the causes of heart disease based on type.
Factors, symptoms, and causes of heart disease
Factors, symptoms, and causes of heart disease
Coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease occurs when the heart does not get enough blood rich in oxygen and nutrients. This condition is caused by a narrowing or blockage in the blood vessels of the heart or coronary arteries.

Coronary heart disease is caused by atherosclerosis, the narrowing of blood vessels, namely due to the buildup of plaque. On the rare condition, constriction or coronary artery damage may also occur due to arterial emboli, arteritis (inflammation of the artery), aortic dissection, and aneurysms.
Heart rhythm disorders

Heart rhythm disorder or arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm. An arrhythmia occurs when electrical impulses that regulate the heart's rhythm is not functioning properly. As a result, the heart may beat too fast, too slow, or irregular. Examples of arrhythmia are atrial fibrillation.
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Arrhythmias can be caused by a number of conditions, such as:
  • Diabetes.
  • Cardiac Abnormalities at birth.
  • Consumption of caffeinated or alcoholic beverages in excess.
  • Smoking.
  • Drugs.
  • Valvular heart disease.
  • Coronary heart disease.
  • Abuse of DRUGS.
  • Stress.
  • High blood pressure.
Congenital heart disease

Congenital heart diseases are abnormalities in the shape and function of the heart that occurs since birth. The abnormality can be located on the wall of the heart, heart valves or blood vessels. Examples of congenital heart disease is a patent ductus arteriosus and tetralogy of Fallot.

Congenital heart disease occurs due to the failure of the developmental process of the heart while the baby is still in the womb. Not yet known why the disorder occurred, but allegedly linked to a number of the following factors:
  • Cardiac disorders in Family History.
  • The use of drugs in pregnancy
  • Viral infection in the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Alcoholism or abuse of DRUGS in pregnancy.
  • Diabetes.
Cardiomyopathy
Heart disease can also be caused by cardiomyopathy, a heart muscle condition that is not strong enough to pump blood throughout the body. Cardiomyopathy is very dangerous because it can trigger heart failure to stop sudden cardiac.

Is not yet known what causes cardiomyopathy. Nevertheless, these conditions are allegedly associated with:
  • Hypertension.
  • Heart muscle damage due to heart attacks.
  • Metabolic Disorders, like thyroid disease and diabetes.
  • Hemochromatosis.
  • Complications of pregnancy.
  • Alcohol addiction.
  • Abuse of DRUGS.
Infection of the heart
Heart disease can also be caused by an infection or inflammation of the inner layer of the heart (endocardium), the heart muscle (myocardium), or on the membrane lining of the heart (pericardium). Some examples of heart disease due to infection is endocarditis, myocarditis, and pericarditis.

Infection of the heart can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi. The trigger of the disease also varies, including AIDS, renal failure, lupus, or injury to the heart due to accidents.

Heart valve disease
As the name suggests, a valvular heart disease characterized by damage to the heart valves. Valve damage can be caused by a narrowing (stenosis) or leakage (insufficiency or regurgitation).
Heart valve disease can be caused by several conditions, such as rheumatic fever, endocarditis caused by infections, disorders of the connective tissue, or abnormalities at birth.

Risk Factors Of Heart Disease
Heart disease can be experienced by anyone. Some factors that can increase a person's risk for experiencing it are:
  • Age. Increasing age increases the risk of the heart muscle is weakened and thickened.
  • Gender. Men are more at risk of developing heart disease than women. However, the risk of developing this disease is increased in women after the menopause.
  • A family history. The risk of a person to suffer from heart disease is also higher in these diseases have a history in the family. Especially, when you have a father or brother who had heart disease before age 55 years. Or in another case, has a mother or sister who was diagnosed with heart disease before age 65 years.
  • Smoking. The content of carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarette smoke can narrow your blood vessels and damage the inner layer of the heart. Therefore, heart attacks are more common in smokers.
  • Cancer therapy. The use of chemotherapy drugs and radiotherapy increase the risk of heart disease.
  • Poor diet. Consumption of foods high in fat, sugar, salt, cholesterol and contribute to heart disease.
  • Hypertension. High blood pressure uncontrolled will trigger the thickening in narrowing the blood vessels, so blood flow.
  • High cholesterol levels. High cholesterol can form a build-up of plaque in blood vessels and increase the risk of atherosclerosis.
  • Less keep clean themselves. No routine hand washing or brushing your teeth, can make incoming bacteria and viruses into the body and triggers a heart infection.
In addition to a number of the above factors, lack of activity, stress is not handled properly, as well as a medical condition such as diabetes or obesity can also increase the risk of heart disease.

Who is at risk of a heart attack?
People who are at risk had a heart attack usually have an unhealthy life pattern and genetic factors, too, such as:
  • Overweight is not good for health. Even if someone did a wrong diet, for example, a diet high in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and sodium will also increase cholesterol.
  • The content contained on the smoking can also increase the risk of heart attacks.
  • Age. Heart attack risk increases as you get older. High-risk men suffered a heart attack after the age of 45 years, and a high-risk woman suffered a heart attack after the age of 55 years.
  • Hereditary factors. A very high factor of the family that can increase heart attacks.
  • Have high blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg depending on age. Have high blood pressure will damage the arteries and accelerate the buildup of plaque.
  • Other factors. Excessive exercise, stress also triggers the onset of high blood pressure, and the use of illegal drugs such as amphetamines and cocaine.

A heart attack can happen to anyone, not only the elderly but also a young age which is not concerned with the pattern of healthy living. As long as we are healthy, it is important to maintain a healthy life and prevent the occurrence of heart attacks.

To that end, the daily food needs with balance activity. Then, do sports regularly, do not consume alcohol and stay away from smoking.

Symptoms Of Heart Disease
The heart has several types of vessels, of which the most important are the coronary arteries. On this, there is arterial blood circulation is rich in oxygen to all organs in the body, including the heart.
When these arteries become blocked or narrowed, blood flow to the heart is reduced significantly or cease altogether. This can cause a heart attack.

Some of the symptoms that appear due to a heart attack, such as:
  • Chest pain. This section usually feels like a pressed or squeezed at the left chest.
  • Discomfort in the upper part of the body. Feel pain in one or both arms, back, shoulders, neck, jaw, or the upper part of the abdomen (above the navel). Any discomfort that lasts more than a few minutes or gone and back again. Sometimes accompanied by anxiety and rapid heartbeat.
  • Shortness of breath. Usually, if this is the case then the body will secrete cold sweat, the head feels dizzy, and the body felt limp.
  • Other symptoms. In some people the other symptoms appear like a cough, nausea, vomiting often occurs in women.
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