Signs, Symptoms, and Causes of Lung Cancer

RICHARD G June 01, 2019
RICHARD G
6.01.2019

Signs, Symptoms, and Causes of Lung Cancer. What is lung cancer? Lung cancer is a condition when the cells of the tissues in the lungs grow with incredible fast, cause tumors to form. Your lungs help you breathe and deliver oxygen throughout your body. According to WHO, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer deaths. Lung cancer causes an inability to function in the body, resulting in a poor quality of life.
Signs, Symptoms, and Causes of Lung Cancer
There are several types of lung cancer, but the most common types are named based on the size of the cells in the tumors of cancer.
  • small cell lung cancer: this condition means that the cancer cells look under a microscope a small. This condition is very rare, about 1 in 8 people with lung cancer have small cell cancer. This type of lung cancer is able to grow and develop quickly.
  • lung cancer-non-small cell: this condition means the cancer cells are larger than the lung cancer small cell. More people have the type of lung cancer (7 of 8). This condition is not growing as fast as lung cancer small cell, so the treatment for this type of cancer is different.
Other less common types of lung cancer are non-small cell: pleomorphic, carcinoid tumors, carcinoma of the salivary glands, and carcinomas not classified.
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How common is lung cancer?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), lung cancer is one of the main causes of death which causes the 1.59 million deaths by the year 2012. This number is expected to rise over the next decade. Only if your doctor told you that you have lung cancer, you should know the basics is important before overwhelmed by emotional and physical changes. Lung cancer it can affect patients at any age. This condition can be managed by reducing your risk factors. Please discuss with your doctor for more information.

Signs symptoms of & symptoms
What are the signs and symptoms of lung cancer?
Most of the symptoms of lung cancer occur in the lungs, but you may also experience other symptoms on your body. This is because cancer has spread (in medical terms is called metastasis) to other body parts. The severity of symptoms also differ. Some may not even feel the symptoms or just feel tired in General. Some of the symptoms you should know are:
  • Discomfort or chest pain
  • a cough that does not go away or got worse over time
  • respiratory problems
  • Wheezing
  • blood in the sputum (mucus coughed from the lungs)
  • hoarseness
  • trouble swallowing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Kehilan Gan weight without a known reason
  • feeling very tired
  • inflammation or blockage in the lungs
  • swelling or enlargement of the lymph nodes in the chest in the area of the lung.
Lung cancer is a serious condition that can lead to fatal complications. Lung cancer can cause complications, such as:
  • coughing up blood
  • shortness of breath
  • pain that can be caused by lung cancer advanced
  • fluid in the chest (pleural effusion)
  • cancer that spread to other parts of the body (metastases) there is the possibility of a sign and symptoms that are not mentioned above. If you have fears of certain consult symptoms with your doctor.
When should I see a doctor?
If you have signs or symptoms listed above or have any questions, please consult with your doctor. The body of each different person each of ¬. Always consult a doctor to handle Your health condition.

What causes lung cancer?
Lung cancer may develop due to the toxins that get into the lungs intentionally or not. The most common cause is cigarette smoking, the use of or cigar. The risk of lung cancer due to smoking will continue rising as long as people were still smoking. Fortunately, the risk can be lowered if they stop smoking.

What my increase the risk for lung cancer?
Lung cancer can happen to anyone, but there are some things that can increase the risk of lung cancer. Risk factors for lung cancer include:
  • Never smoke or being smoked
  • passive smokers
  • have a family member with lung cancer
  • Perform radiotherapy for other conditions that may affect the chest area
  • contact with toxins such as asbestos, chromium, nickel, arsenic, soot, or tar in the workplace
  • exposed to radon exposure at home or place of work
  • live in a polluted environment
  • the strong immune system from a weak genetic or due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Use of beta-carotene supplements and become heavy smokers
What are my treatment options for lung cancer?
Lung cancer is treated in several ways, depending on the type of lung cancer and how far cancer has spread. People with lung cancer non-small cell can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, a therapeutic target, or a combination of these treatments. People with the lung cancer small cell is usually treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
  • operation. The doctor raised the cancerous tissue through a surgical procedure.
  • chemotherapy. Use special medicines to shrink or kill cancer. Drugs can be a pill that you can drink or drugs given in your blood vessels, or sometimes both.
  • radiation therapy. Use high energy rays (similar to x-rays) to kill cancer.
  • Therapeutic target. Using drugs to block the growth and spread of cancer cells. Drugs can be either pills or drugs that are given in your blood vessels.
The right treatment for you depends mainly on the type and stage of cancer of the lung. You may receive more than one type of treatment.

What are the usual tests for lung cancer?
To find out if NDA suffered from lung cancer, the doctor will evaluate your symptoms and performing a physical examination, such as listening to your breathing, to see if there might be a tumor in your chest. Then they will ask you about your medical history, if you smoke or if your family there who smoke. They may also ask about your working environment to see if you are exposed to cigarette smoke or other poisons that can harm your lungs.

To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will ask for a few tests. Tests may only be Imaging tests (spiral CT scan, PET scan) to see the lung, or lab tests called sputum cytology to identify tumors. Imaging tests will show with a photo if you have a tumor, while cytology phlegm cough phlegm samples will check out of the lungs that has cancer cells. You can ask the doctor to explain the results of these tests to you if you do not know how to read the test results.

For the most accurate results, the doctor may ask for a biopsy. A biopsy means doctors will take a small sample of lung tissue to look at under a microscope does have cancer cells. There are several methods to obtain samples:
  • Bronchoscopy. Using a thin tube through the mouth or nose to the lungs to pick up samples.
  • needle Aspiration. Insert a small needle through the skin into your chest to take a sample of cells is small. Your doctor will make you numb on the chest area earlier so as not to cause pain.
  • Thoracentesis. Also, use needles, but not take cells from your lungs, the doctor will take the fluid surrounding the lungs to check for cancer cells.
  • Torakotomi. This is major surgery to diagnose lung cancer, often used only when no other diagnosis and treatment methods that work.
What are the changes in lifestyle or home-based treatment that can be done to address lung cancer?

Stop smoking immediately
the first thing you should do after getting a diagnosis of lung cancer was getting rid of smoking. Stop smoking immediately. If you have lung cancer because you are passive smokers, you have to talk with people who smoke and tell them to stop for the sake of you and them as well. If you are exposed to poisons from a job, talk to Your supervisor or manager about this condition to make adjustments for yourself, and make sure that no one else is sick because of the same thing.

Managing pain
Manage pain is the most important part of the management of lung cancer. You may be given medication to cope with the pain. When you use drugs, you need to use it as soon as possible when the pain appears. You can ask your doctor for the therapy to treat lung cancer pain and self-care methods to control pain. You should remember that you can control the pain or even make it disappear.

Other pain treatments that can help:
  • relaxation techniques
  • Biofeedback
  • physical therapy
  • warm or cold Compress
  • exercise and massage
In addition, the support of family, friends, and support group can help You to overcome the mental pain after cancer treatment.

Overcome the shortness of breath.
You use your lungs to breathe. Therefore, it is clear that you will face difficulty breathing when you have lung cancer. There are several methods that you can use to manage shortness of breath:
  • breathing techniques. This technique is designed to help your breath easily and is used by many people who have shortness of breath, not only from lung cancer. This technique can also be soothing to you and help you relax.
  • oxygen therapy. Inhaling pure oxygen can ensure that your lungs don't have to work hard to supply oxygen to the blood. Thus, it can be soothing to your breathing.
  • Managing fluid around the lungs. Fluid around the lungs may suppress the lungs and make breathing difficult. In this case, the liquid flowed out to help you breathe easier.
A healthy lifestyle
No matter how old you are or if you have a disease or not, exercise and a healthy diet will always be the Foundation for a healthy body. Try to exercise as much as you can, but don't overdo it. Learn how to control your breathing during exercise is crucial for patients with lung cancer.

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