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Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease

Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease. Characteristics of people affected by dengue fever. Certainly no stranger to us with this one...

Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease

RICHARD G 11:35:00 PM
Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease. Characteristics of people affected by dengue fever. Certainly no stranger to us with this one disease, yes Dengue fever is so feared because it could lead to death.

Then there is no wonder there are many who want to know how the features of dengue fever both in adults and children.
Features and Symptoms of Dengue Fever Disease
When fever is struck, it does make anyone worried lest the cause is dengue fever, in relation to fever itself is a symptom that has many causes, then it is somewhat difficult for us to ascertain whether there are fever traits Bleeding or just a fever caused by mild illness.

What are the symptoms and traits of Dengue fever?
After having been bitten by mosquitoes of viral carriers, dengue fever symptoms do not appear immediately but wait for incubation period ranges from 3-14 (usually 4-7) days. Dengue Virus will cause disease in two forms:
  • Dengue Fever
  • Dengue Fever
Recognizing Dengue fever features
The characteristic of dengue virus infection in the early stages is a sudden high fever and pain behind the eyeball. Other complaints that are not typical such as headaches, aches, and so on as we experience flu (flu-like symptoms).

However, in this disease, the fever is higher than the flu, and there are usually no complaints of the watery nose and sneezing (if there is no prominence).

More fully, here are the features and symptoms of dengue fever that you should know:
  • Experiencing high-temperature fever can reach 40 ° C.
  • Chills.
  • Severe headaches.
  • Pain behind the eyeball.
  • Low back pain.
  • Pain in the legs and joints.
  • Redness rash on the skin.
  • A rash that is in the form of bleeding spots under the skin (petechiae) that are black-colored red.
  • There may also be gastritis with a combination of pain in the stomach accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  • In some cases, dengue fever shows lighter symptoms that can be incorrectly diagnosed as influenza, chikungunya, or other viral infections when there is no rash.
Fevers in Dengue fever or bloody fever lasted about six to seven days, on the day of 1-2 high fever, the 3-4 days of fever fell, the day to 5-6 the Fever rose again (slightly) formed a pattern of horse saddle or called a biphasic pattern.

Clinically, the fever will be followed by a decrease in the number of platelets to normal sufferer temperature.

Keep in mind the following major symptoms of dengue fever:
  • Sudden high fever.
  • Severe headaches (especially on the forehead).
  • Pain behind the eyes that deteriorates with the eye movements.
  • Whole-body pain and joint pain.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
Infection with dengue virus or bloody fever is sometimes similar to the symptoms of chikungunya because the characteristics of both diseases are characterized by fever and pain of muscles and joints.

Although the disease is similar, the joint pain is more prominent and prolonged than dengue fever. In addition to that petechiae or bleeding spots more often occurs in cases of dengue fever infection.

Characteristics of Dengue fever slightly different from Dengue fever
Dengue fever is caused by the same virus with dengue fever.

No wonder, in the early symptoms of dengue fever is similar to the snored fever as above, but after a few days, there are signs of his trademark, namely signs of bleeding and leakage of plasma.

Why are bloody fever symptoms different? Because of this type of secondary infection which means the body already has antibodies to fight the virus.

However, the immune resistance to dengue viruses is what causes many of the effects that later become the symptoms we can observe.

Three things that distinguish dengue fever with Dengue fever, in dengue fever occur plasma leaks due to increased vascular permeability, hypovolemia, and abnormal blood clotting mechanisms.
  • Increased vascular permeability. Blood vessels are more fragile so that the fluid in them can seep out (leaking) into the surrounding tissues. It also causes bleeding.
  • Hypovolemia. The fluid in the blood vessels decreases due to the leakage. Blood pressure can drop even to the drop.
  • Abnormal blood clotting. Due to the number of platelets dropping, the freezing process does not go well so that the bleeding can continue.
How can we recognize the Dengue fever features?
The initial symptoms of dengue fever are similar or even the same as for dengue fever, but when fever on the fourth day, people with dengue fever will experience signs of bleeding and plasma leakage that can even enter the critical phase.

Here are the features and symptoms of dengue fever that need to be wary of:
  • Sudden high fever.
  • Severe headaches (especially on the forehead).
  • Pain behind the eyes that deteriorates with the eye movements.
  • Whole-body pain and joint pain.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Redness rash on the skin.
  • A rash that is in the form of bleeding spots under the skin (petechiae) that are black-colored red.
  • Bleeding from the nose, mouth and gums or skin bruising.
  • Severe and persistent pain in the stomach.
  • Often vomiting with or without blood.
  • Defecate black Color (Melena).
  • Excessive thirst (dry mouth).
  • Pale, cold palpable skin.
  • Anxiety, or drowsiness.
  • Shortness of breath.
Dengue fever is often initiated with sudden temperature rises accompanied by a reddish hot face and other flu-like symptoms described above. Fever usually lasts for 2-7 days and the temperature can reach 41 ° C.

In the case of moderate dengue fever, all signs and symptoms will subside after the fever drops. In severe cases, the condition of the patient may suddenly deteriorate after a few days of fever; Temperature drops, followed by signs of blood circulation failure due to low blood volume due to leakage.

If so, the sufferer may quickly enter the critical state of shock known as Dengue Shock Syndrome.

The initial sign due to fragile blood vessels is a small hemorrhage that may appear as small spots on the skin (petechiae) and can also be a larger lower skin bleeding (ekimosis).

As the journey of the disease deteriorates, bleeding can occur in the internal organs, such as in the gastrointestinal tract, causing vomiting of blood or black CHAPTER., it can also occur in the inner cavity, such as the abdominal cavity and chest that can not be seen from the outside.

If a lot of blood is coming out, then let alone that will be pumped by the heart, this is why one experiences shock. Shock can cause death within 12 to 24 hours. However, if the patient gets the right treatment, it may still be healed.

The change from BDB to DSS occurs after 3-5 days of fever. In this phase, fever is often dropped. Beware, this can be misleading because many consider that when the fever drops then the patient will heal. Quite the contrary, this is the most dangerous bloody fever phase that requires high alertness.

Dengue Shock Syndrome Dengue fever symptoms Plus:
  • The pulse is fast and weak.
  • Pulse pressure of less than 20 mmHg.
  • Cold, wet and restless skin.

Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Causes and Ulcerative Colitis Treatment

RICHARD G 8:46:00 PM
Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Causes and Ulcerative Colitis Treatment. Ulcerative colitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the intestinal tract wall.

The disease is one of the more specific types of colon colitis or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Symptoms, Causes and Ulcerative Colitis Treatment
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation that occurs in the colon (colon) and rectum. In this disease, there are ulcers or wounds in the wall of the colon, causing the stool to be mixed with blood. Ulcerative colitis can occur in anyone, but more often attacks those under 30 years of age.

Ulcerative colitis itself has several types, which include:
  1. Ulcerative Proksumaris: Inflammation occurs in the rectum, and will likely cause rectal bleeding. Ulcerative Proksumaris The most common, lightweight, and the slight risk of complications.
  2. Proctosigmoiditis: Inflammation occurs in the rectum and sigmoid colon (lower end of the colon). You will generally find it hard to defecate, despite the urge to do so (stomach feels heartburn). This condition is called Tenesmus.
  3. Colitis left side: Inflammation occurs on the left side of the colon (rectum, sigmoid colon, and colon descendants). This inflammation is also known as limited or distal colitis.
  4. Pancolitis: Inflammation occurs in all parts of the intestine.
Irritation and inflammation in the intestinal wall may interfere with digestive processes and the absorption of nutrients feeding throughout the body.

Inflammation can also cause bleeding to remove pus and slime.

Ulcerative colitis is a condition that can cause your colon to swell and may cause minor perforation.

Perforation is the proliferation of tissues in the intestines that allow feces to leak into your stomach. These complications can lead to life-threatening peritonitis infections.

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis is a recurrent disease. When relapse, ulcerative colitis symptoms can vary from mild to severe and frequent.

Recurrence of symptoms that feel severe and lasts for a few days or weeks is called a flare-up.

After a flare-up period, the body condition usually goes into remission, where the inflammation of the colon begins to slowly subside.

Symptoms of Ulcerative colitis are:
  • Diarrhea accompanied by blood, slime, or pus.
  • Abdominal pain or cramps.
  • Often want to defecate, but the stool tends not to be out.
  • Fatigue.
  • Pain in the rectum.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fever.
  • Severe attacks marked defecation more than 6 times a day, irregular heartbeat, as well as rapid breathing.
Other symptoms may also be affected by inflammation in the colon, including joint pain in the knee, ankle, and wrist.

Symptoms of Ulcerative colitis may also affect the eye.

If you suffer from ulcerative colitis for a long time, you may experience symptoms in other areas of your body such as rash, canker sores, and joint pain.

When a person with ulcerative colitis conditions defecates, chances of pain in the left part of the stomach will slightly subside.

In addition, there are also some traits and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have the same complaint, please consult your doctor.

Causes of Ulcerative Colitis
The cause of ulcerative colitis is not necessarily known but is suspected to be caused by an autoimmune response, which is an abnormal immune system.

Consequently, the immune system invades the cells of the digestive system itself.

The exact cause of the disease is still uncertain. Previously, most physicians suspected a strict diet and stress were two conditions that could exacerbate ulcerative colitis.

Another cause that is suspected of causing ulcerative colitis is dysfunction in the body's immunity.

When the immune system is supposed to combat viruses and bacteria, the abnormal immune system precisely attacks the cells of the digestive system itself.

Genetic factors contribute to the important role of increasing the risk of ulcerative colitis. Nevertheless, many patients do not have a history of ulcerative colitis in his family.

Risk Factors for ulcerative colitis
What increases your risk of having ulcerative colitis?
Some risk factors that can affect your chances of being exposed to ulcerative colitis are:
  • Age. This condition can occur at any age, but it usually appears before the age of 30. There are also some people who have recently been affected by the disease at the age of 60.
  • Interracial. This condition can occur in any race class. However, white people (the Caucasians) have a higher risk of digestive infections than Asians.
  • Family history. You are at a higher risk of ulcerative colitis when there are family members such as parents, siblings, or children, who also have the disease.
  • Using Isotretinoin. Isotretinoin drugs (Amnesty, Claravis, Sotret; formerly called Accutane) used to cope with acne and acne scars may increase the risk factors of ulcerative colitis. But the clarity of the relationship between the condition and isotretinoin has not been determined.

Ulcerative Colitis Treatment
Ulcerative colitis includes a disease that is not curable. The purpose of treatment is to relieve symptoms, especially when the attack occurs.

The treatment of this disease serves to prevent the recurrence of symptoms. These handling measures include:
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation.
  • Immunosuppressive drugs to suppress the response of the immune system that triggers inflammation.
  • Surgical action, if the people with often suffered severe attacks that can not be handled by drugs.
  • Lifestyle changes to prevent recurrence and worsening of symptoms, such as consuming low-fat foods, increasing fluid and fiber intake, consuming supplements, limiting consumption of dairy products, avoiding liquor and cigarettes, and Reduce stress by exercising lightly or doing relaxation.
What are the medications available for ulcerative colitis?
The goal of the treatment of ulcerative colitis is to reduce symptoms, control inflammation, and prevent complications.

Here are some of the medications that the doctor is likely to provide with a prescription according to their respective conditions and diagnosis:

1. Inflammatory drugs
Anti-inflammatory drugs are drugs that are often used as a treatment of ulcerative colitis the first step:

5-Aminosalicylates
The drug will be administered depending on where the colon is affected. You can drink it orally, or you will be prescribed a doctor as an enema and suppository.

Some examples of these ulcerative colitis drugs include Azulfidine (sulfasalazine), Asacol HD and Delzicol (mesalamine), Colazal (Balsalazide), and Dipentum (Olsalazine).

Corticosteroids
Prednisone drugs and hydrocortisone will generally be prescribed for those of you who have the severity of moderate ulcerative colitis to severe, and also your condition does not respond to other treatments.

The body cannot respond to medications can be caused due to side effects, such as weight gain, high blood pressure, mood swings, fluid retention, and osteoporosis.

2. Immune system suppressor.
Ulcerative colitis is a condition that can be administered immune system suppressive drugs. These drugs control inflammation by suppressing the immune system response.

These medications are often administered in combination, such as:
  • Azathioprine. It is the most widely used immunosuppressive drug for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. This drug suppresses the immune system by disrupting the body's DNA molecular production. If you are taking this medication, you should keep the consultation directly with your doctor. The doctor will also check your blood regularly because side effects can affect the liver and pancreas.
  • Cyclosporine: This is an ulcerative colitis drug commonly prescribed for people whose body has not responded to other drugs well. Cyclosporine is believed to work by suppressing lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Because Cyclosporine has potentially serious side effects, it is not prescribed for long-term use.
  • Infliximab, Adalimumab, and Golimumab: These medications are referred to as tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNF). The drug controls the body's abnormal immune response. The drug is usually used in people who have not responded or can not tolerate other treatments.
  • Vedolizumab: Ulcerative colitis can be treated using this drug. Vedolizumab is a drug that will be administered with no responding condition or can not tolerate other treatments. The drug works by blocking inflammatory cells from up to the location of the inflammation.
3. Antibiotics
Antibiotic medications can be prescribed if there is suspected infection in the colon, but people with ulcerative colitis sometimes will not be prescribed antibiotic medication if there are no symptoms of bacterial infections.

This is because antibiotic medications can cause diarrhea.

Home Remedies
What are some forms of lifestyle changes in the home that can help treat ulcerative colitis?

Following are the forms of a healthy lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with ulcerative colitis:
  • Consumption of drugs as instructed by a physician;
  • Ask your doctor if you can drink vitamins, mineral supplements, and iron tablets;
  • Strive to carry out the normal physical activity;
  • Meet doctors periodically. Colonoscopy examination is essential to periodically monitor how your disease is progressing and prevent it from worsening into bowel cancer.
If you have any questions, please consult a professional doctor for the best medical solution.

Toxoplasmosis: Symptoms, Causes and How to Treat Toxoplasmosis

RICHARD G 10:56:00 PM
Symptoms, Causes and How to Treat Toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis is an infection in humans inflicted by parasitic protozoa (one-cell organisms) Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii).

Toxoplasmosis Treatment. These parasites are often found in cats or meat impurities that are immature. T. gondii parasitic infections in healthy people generally do not harm, because the immune system can control this parasitic infection.
Symptoms, Causes and How to Treat Toxoplasmosis
However, serious medical treatment should be taken if the infection attacks a person with a low immune system or expectant mother, in order to avoid severe complications.

Toxoplasmosis is a disease in humans and hot-blooded animals caused by Toxoplasma gondii, protozoa acting as a parasite.

Toxoplasmosis is zoonotic (an infectious disease of animals to humans). The transmission occurs as a result of swallowing infected meats, contact with a cat stool, or vertically from the mother to the fetus it contains.

Although Toxoplasmosis is identical to cats, consuming uncooked infected meat is a source of major transmission in humans in many countries.

Toxoplasmosis is distributed from animals to humans, not among human beings, except in pregnant women who can spread this infection in the country.

Consequently, the fetus undergoes slow developments. Even in cases of heavier infections, miscarriage or fetal death can occur in the womb.

After the occurrence of Toxoplasmosis, T. gondii parasites can persist in the body in inactive conditions, thereby giving lifelong immunity to this parasitic infection.

But when the immune system is weakened due to a certain disease or drug consumption, T. gondii infection can be active again and trigger more severe complications.

Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis symptoms. When T. gondii attacks A healthy person, symptoms may not appear and the sufferer can recover completely.

In other cases, however, symptoms may occur a few weeks or the symptoms are usually mild and are similar to flu symptoms, namely fever, muscle aches, fatigue, sore throat, and swelling of the lymph glands. These symptoms can improve within 6 weeks.

T. gondii infections in infants and children are generally transmitted from the mother during pregnancy.

More serious symptoms can be experienced by the fetus infected by this parasite in the early trimester of pregnancy, in the form of premature birth, miscarriage, or the death of the fetus in the womb.

Meanwhile, infants born with T. gondii (congenital Toxoplasmosis) will show symptoms, such as:
  • Yellowish-colored skin.
  • Inflammation of the corions (Chrorionitis) or infection in the back of the eyeball and retina.
  • Enlarged organs of the liver and spleen.
  • Skin rash or skin easy bruising.
  • Seizures.
  • The buildup of brain fluids in the head, so that the head becomes large (hydrocephalus).
  • The head appears smaller (microcephaly).
  • Intellectual impairment or mental retardation.
  • Loss of hearing.
  • Anemia.
These symptoms can arise when a baby is born, or recently seen a few months or several years later.
While in patients with immune disorders, symptoms of toxoplasmosis infections are characterized by:
  • Difficulty in speech, visual impairment, hearing loss, dizziness, seemingly confused, convulsions, up to coma, if toxoplasmosis attacks the brain.
  • Rash, fever, shivering, limp, and shortness of breath, if the toxoplasmosis spreads throughout the body.
Causes of Toxoplasmosis
The cause of toxoplasmosis is Toxoplasma gondii, one-cell organisms that live as parasites.

Toxoplasma comes from the ancient Greek tóxon which means concave and plásma which means form so that toxoplasma is a concave organism or resembles a crescent moon.

The organism was first discovered in 1908 in the spleen and the heart of a rounder called Gundi (Ctenodactylus Gundi) in Africa. Since then, various studies have found this parasitic presence in various animals.

Toxoplasma gondii is a single-cell parasitic organism (protozoa) that can spread infections in animals and humans.

Although these parasites can grow in the tissues of many animals, there are more in the body of cats.

These parasites lay eggs in the lining of the cat intestine and can come out with the dirt of the animal.

The spread of T. gondii infection in humans occurs by:
  • Exposed to cat droppings containing T. gondii parasites.
  • Consume food or beverages contaminated with T. gondii parasites, including raw meats containing these parasites.
  • Through the placenta of pregnant women, who spread infections in the fetus.
  • Through blood transfusions or organ transplants from this parasitic donor infected.
There are some conditions that can increase the risk of toxoplasmosis into serious health disorders, namely:
  • Pregnant.
  • Taking corticosteroid or immunosuppressive drugs long term.
  • Suffers H*V/A*DS.
  • Undergoing chemotherapy.
How to transmit Toxoplasmosis
Animals and humans can be infected in two ways, which are congenital and acquisition.

Congenital toxoplasmosis occurs when the fetus in the uterus is infected from the mother or its parent through the placenta, while the acquisition toxoplasmosis occurs when the host ingestion an infectious oosista or consume tissue that contains bradyzoite or sista tissues.

Both can be acute and then become latent.

Cats are animals that play an important role in the spread of toxoplasmosis because they are the definitive hosts that propagate the oosista into the environment.

However, cats that suffer from toxoplasmosis generally do not exhibit specific and subclinical signs.

The infections caused by the oosista of the cat are less effective in the role of toxoplasmosis in comparison with the consumption of meat that contains bradyzoite.

Humans can be infected by swallowing an infectious oosista scattered in water and soil, bradyzoite in poorly cooked meats, through blood transfusions, transplants, laboratory accidents, or congenital.

Transmission in humans most often occurs through the consumption of raw or undercooked meats, especially lamb and pork.

Another common way of transmission is through raw vegetables that are not washed before. These vegetables are contaminated with oosista derived from cat stools.

The infective Oosista in the environment can also pollute water which can be a source of transmission if taken by humans or other animals.

Oosista is inconsequential when it is first issued with cat feces.

It took a few days to sporulate so that it could be inquisitive so that direct contact with cats is suspected to not be a risk factor for the transmission of Toxoplasmosis.

The way of maintenance of cats in the house so as not to eat Rodentia and birds, do not feed cats with raw meats, as well as control intermediate host populations such as Rodensia can be done to reduce the risk of cats exposed T. gondii.

How to prevent Toxoplasmosis
There are several things that can be done to reduce the risk of exposure to toxoplasmosis, namely:
  • Use gloves while gardening or holding the ground.
  • Avoid consuming raw or half-cooked meats.
  • Wash hands before and after holding food.
  • Wash all kitchen utensils cleanly after cooking raw meat.
  • Always wash fruits and vegetables before consumption.
  • Avoid drinking non-pasteurized goat milk or dairy products.
  • For those who keep cats, they should maintain the health of this animal, and use gloves while cleaning the place of his litter. Avoid maintaining stray cats, because susceptible to infected parasites T. gondii.
  • Give the cat a dry or canned food rather than raw meat.
  • Cover the sandbox of children's playground so that cats are not used to remove dirt.

Easy Chocolate Cake Recipe: Chocolate Cupcake Recipe

RICHARD G 1:35:00 AM
Easy Chocolate Cake Recipe: Chocolate Cupcake Recipe. Valentine lives a count of days. For those of you who haven't gotten a Valentine gift idea for your loved ones, what if making your own chocolate. There are many choices and recipes of Valentine's special chocolate cake, yuk, practice the recipe below:
Easy Chocolate Cake Recipe
Chocolate Cupcake recipe

Materials:
- 250gr Wheat Flour
- 1 tsp baking powder
- 1/2 tsp baking soda
- 4 tbsp cocoa powder
- Salt to taste
- 100 gr granulated sugar
- 1 egg
- 75gr chocolate chips
- 1 tsp vanilla powder
- 250 ml of fresh milk
- 90 ml of vegetable oil
- 75 gr chocolate chips for sprinkles

How to make:
- Sift wheat flour, baking powder, cocoa powder, and baking soda on one container.
- Then add the sugar and chocolate chips, stir until blended.
- Mix vegetable oil, eggs, milk, and vanilla. Mixer until flat.
- Pour the flour mixture into egg dough and stir until well blended.
- Prepare Loyang cupcakes, coated with a cup of paper cupcakes.
- Pour dough up to 1/4 parts.
- Sprinkle chocolate chips, and bake for 30 minutes from 180 degrees or until cooked.

Voila! Your chocolate cake ready to be served

Green Chutney Recipe

RICHARD G 1:20:00 AM
Green Chutney Recipe
Green Chutney
Green Chutney Recipe. The story was the same samosa with my Indian Teacher and was the most delicious samosa I've ever eaten. The samosa is given the was in the form of sambal that directly I'm searching how to make it in Google (and finally got the name too). That was the first time I knew this sambal.

Materials
  • 1 Cup Coriander/cilantro
  • 1/2 Cup Mint leaves/Mint leaves
  • 1/2 Lemon (to taste)
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 3 green chillies
  • 2-3 Devil Chili
  • Taste sugar
  • Taste salt

The steps
  1. Prepare all ingredients & seasoning
  2. Put in a blender/juicer
  3. Well, be a fresh sambal dipping with this exotic flavor ready to accompany you. With a variety of material composition, unique flavor, very suitable for a snack was such as crackers, samosa or to was various vegetable stew or raw... Good luck