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How to Get Rid of Ringworm and Ringworm Symptoms

How to Get Rid of Ringworm and Ringworm Symptoms . Ringworm is a yeast infection on the skin that raises a red circular rash. Ringworm can ...

How to Get Rid of Ringworm and Ringworm Symptoms

RICHARD G November 29, 2019
How to Get Rid of Ringworm and Ringworm Symptoms. Ringworm is a yeast infection on the skin that raises a red circular rash. Ringworm can occur in some parts of the body, such as in the head, face, or crotch.

The disease can be transmitted by direct contact with the sufferer or infected animal. In addition, indirect contact with mold-contaminated objects can also transmit ringworm. Because the shape is like a circular ring or worm, the ringworm is also known for its name.
How to Get Rid of Ringworm, Ringworm Symptoms
Ringworm or also known as Ringworm is a skin disease caused by fungal infections that attack the top surface of the skin. Ringworm who had another name Tinea sanitate was a disease characterized by a red rash on the skin. Usually, the ringworm rash forms a ring-like pattern that is surrounded by a slightly raised scaly edge.

Read : How to Prevent Sarcopenia in Middle Age
Causes of Ringworm
Ringworm is caused by fungal infections of the skin. This fungus can be transmitted through direct contact with sufferers or indirect contact with contaminated objects or soil.

Hot and humid air, sharing personal belongings, and wearing tight clothing can make a person more vulnerable to ringworm.

This infection initially only attacked certain areas of the skin until it eventually spread to other parts of the body. Reported by the American Academy of Dermatology, each infected area has a different name. Here is the area that is commonly affected by:
  • Feet also called water lice (tinea pedis)
  • Palm
  • Scalp (tinea capitis)
  • Crotch also called jock itch (tinea cruris)
  • Nails also called a nail infection (tinea unguium or onychomycosis)
This disease includes easily transmitted through direct contact with the infected person or animal.

Kuras Features
Ringworm is characterized by the emergence of red flaky areas on the skin surface. The rash can be expanded in a circular ring-like. However, ringworm symptoms may vary by person, depending on the location of the ringworm.

Ringworm Diagnosis
Doctors can diagnose ringworm through the form of skin abnormalities caused. If you are still suspicious of other causes, the dermatologist will conduct a skin test or take a number of skin samples that have abnormalities.

How to Get Rid of Ringworm
The ringworm can be solved with ringworm or antifungal ointment that can be purchased without a doctor's prescription. This antifungal ointment contains clotrimazole or miconazole. If after 2 weeks of treatment, the ringworm does not improve as well, consult a physician. The doctor will give another more powerful medication.

Ringworm Prevention
The ringworm can be prevented by maintaining cleanliness. In addition, avoid sharing personal belongings with others, use footwear while in public places, as well as bathing, washing hair, and dressing clothes every day or at the time of sweating.

Signs & Symptoms
What are the signs and symptoms of ringworm?
Signs and symptoms of Ringworm are usually slightly different in each infected area. Here are the characteristics of the area according to the affected areas:

Skin or body
  • Rash that forms like rings
  • Red and inflamed skin on the outside of the ring but looks normal in the middle
  • Assembled rash
  • Slightly raised ring Area
  • Rash itching
  • Patches grow slowly, grow larger, and spread to other areas of the body
  • Itching, burning, and sting between the toes
  • Dry and scaly skin between the toes and spread to the palm to the side of the foot
  • Skin Peel
  • Rupture of broken skin until bloody
  • Thick red patches on scaly skin
  • The infected Area smells unsavory
  • The skin dries and thickens in the palm of your hand
  • Moderately deep cracks in the palm of the hand
  • Ring-shaped spots on the back of the hand
Usually occurs as a result of often touching the feet infected with water lice.
  • There is a bald area on the scaly head
  • Increasingly widespread baldness is accompanied by thick patches and crust in the scalp
  • The emergence of black dots in the bald head area
  • Open wounds that emit pus
  • There is a soft, chewy, inflamed head area
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes
  • Irresistible itching
  • A red rash accompanied by itching swelling in the folds of the groin area
  • The rash spreads to the groin to the inner thighs, waist, and buttocks
  • Infected skin tends to be scaly and have a slightly lifted outer boundary
  • Skin peeling and cracking
  • Sometimes it feels very itchy and sick
Usually, symptoms will deteriorate while walking, running, or exercising.

  • Always attack one nail only or more than that
  • Starts with thickening of the tissue under the nail
  • Blackened and thickened nails
  • Thickened nails usually start to show as lifted from the skin underneath
  • Crushed Nails
  • Nails sometimes loose from the skin
Compared with the nails on the fingers, this infection more often attacks the nails on the toes. In addition, this condition also usually develops in people who have been infected with water lice.

  • Redness, swelling, and pus-filled bumps on the area around the beard
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Hair beard slowly falling out
  • Dry skin and look like open
  • Skin parts that stand out, soft, and secrete liquids
  • Experiencing more fatigued than usual
This condition usually appears in men who have a pretty thick beard. Usually, infections arise when making contact with animals that have been infected with ringworm.

Some symptoms or other signs may not be listed above. If you feel anxious about these symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.

What causes ringworm?
The cause of ringworm is a fungus that lives in the outer layer of the skin. Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton are three different types of fungi that can cause this infection. This mushroom can also live in a long time as spores on the ground.

Ringworm can be spread by:
  • From human to human, when in direct contact with infected people
  • From animal to human, when touching or whiffing infected animals
  • From objects to humans, when touching the surface of objects touched by animals or infected persons
  • From soil to human, when skin sticks to infected soil either from animal or human
The fungus causes the ringworm to live on an infected object for quite a long time. For that, you can easily get infected if the family in the house has a skin disease.

Risk Factors
What increases my risk for ringworm?
Everyone can be exposed to ringworm. However, the risk will increase if:
  • Live in tropical areas
  • Frequent activities in hot and humid weather
  • Have open wounds in the skin
  • Frequent swimming in a common pool
  • Often use used personal goods simultaneously
  • Do not wear footwear in the dressing room of the fitness center or swimming pool
  • Obesity
  • Have a diabetic disease
Usually, athletes tend to be more prone to ringworm. The reason is that the intensity of the exercise often makes the body much wet and damp.

Therefore, always keep the body dry to avoid fungal infections of the skin.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Women - How to Prevent Heart Attack

RICHARD G November 21, 2019
Heart attack symptoms in women. How to Prevent Heart Attack. Symptoms of heart disease are not always the same in women with men. If not recognized by women and doctors, this difference can harm women who are experiencing heart disease.
Heart Attack Symptoms in Women
In a standard cardiology textbook, most of the discussion is for a description of symptoms that generally arise if a person is experiencing heart disease.

In most cases, these "common" symptoms are apparently a description of the symptoms commonly experienced by men.

However, while many medical textbooks may consider symptoms of heart disease in women including "infrequent", there are more women who die of heart disease than men today.

So perhaps the more statistically correct symptom of heart disease on the Prialah is precisely arguably "rare".

When a heart attack comes, what the perceived woman is not always the same as what the perceived male is.

Women do not always get the same classic symptoms with men, such as chest pains that descend to one arm.

The symptoms of a heart attack like this can certainly occur in women, but many are also experiencing vague or even "discreet" symptoms that may have been missed.

These six heart attack symptoms often occur in women:

Chest or chest pain feels bad
Chest pain is the most common symptom of heart attack, but some women may experience it differently from men

Your chest may feel like fullness or kneaded, and pain can happen anywhere; Not just on the left side.

When a heart attack occurs, your chest usually feels "really uncomfortable," says cardiologist Rita Redberg, MD, director at Women's Cardiovascular Services at the University of California, San Francisco. "It feels like there is a tie to your chest with something very strict."

Pain in the arm, back, neck or jaw
This type of pain is more common in women than in men. It may confuse women who think pain when a heart attack will focus on the chest and left arm, not the back or jaw.

The illness can occur gradually or suddenly, and may slowly disappear before it suddenly becomes intense. If you're asleep, this attack can wake you up.

You should report any unusual or unexplainable symptoms, which occur on any part of your body that is above the waist, with a physician or other healthcare provider, said the cardiologist C.

Noel Bairey Merz, MD, director Barbra Streisand Women Heart Center at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Abdominal pain
Sometimes people think abdominal pain is a sign of heartburn, flu, or peptic ulcers. In fact, in some cases of heart attack, women experience severe abdominal pressure that feels like an elephant sits on your stomach, says cardiologist Nieca Goldberg, MD, medical director of Joan H. Tisch Center for Women's Health at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York.

Shortness of breath, nausea, or dizziness
If you have difficulty breathing for no apparent reason, you can experience a heart attack, especially if you also have one or more other symptoms.

"It feels similar like if you've just finished a marathon runner when you're not moving at all," Goldberg said.

Cold Sweating
Cold sweating is common among women who have a heart attack. It will feel more like sweating because of stress than sweat because of exercise or because it spends time outside in hot air.

"Consult yourself if you usually don't sweat such cold and if you sweat cold for no apparent reason like hot weather," says Bairey Merz.

Some women who are experiencing heart attacks feel very tired, even if they have been sitting quietly for a while or not moving much.

"Patients often complain of fatigue in the chest," Goldberg said. "They admitted that they could not do the activity as easy as walking into the bathroom."

Not everyone gets all those symptoms. If you feel pressure on the chest, especially if you also experience one or more of the other signs, immediately to the doctor.

If you are a woman, who experiences symptoms that may be associated with heart disease, you should visit a doctor. The following are some ways to distinguish symptoms in men and women.

Angina is not always the same as chest pain in women. Angina is usually described as a depressed chest pain that may spread to the jaw or shoulder, and in men, these symptoms are usually also the same.

However, many women with angina will report a hot or burning sensation, or a soft touch, which may occur in your back, shoulders, arms, or jaw. In addition, they often do not have problems with the chest at all, so they will rarely suspect heart disease as the cause.

A careful doctor will think of the possibility of angina in every patient (male or female) who lays out uncomfortable flavors anywhere on the waist, which appears during heavy activities.

However, because too many doctors still believe that coronary artery disease is rare in women, they may consider these symptoms like muscle and bone pain, or digestive problems, or even emotional disorders.

Moreover, women are much more prone to angina than men when their coronary arteries actually appear "normal" during cardiac catheterization.

They are often told that the symptoms they experience are only caused by gastrointestinal abnormalities (or worse, that their symptoms are only in mind), while in reality, they have significant heart problems.

Cardiac arrest
Heart attacks and acute coronary syndrome may also differ in women than in men. Usually, women who are affected by a heart attack will experience nausea, vomiting, indigestion, short breath, or only sudden and extreme fatigue – but do not experience chest pains.

Unfortunately, doctors easily relate these symptoms to other diseases. Women are also more prone to a silent infarction of myocardium – that is, a heart attack without acute symptoms at all, which is only diagnosed if subsequent cardiac arrest symptoms arise.

Time to seek medical help
Since the symptoms of a heart attack on women may not be the same as those written in the book, How do you know that you need medical help for symptoms that may be related to your heart?

The rule that you have to follow is very simple – if you think the symptoms do relate to the heart, visit a doctor.

Go to your doctor or an emergency room as soon as you experience the following symptoms:
  • Pain, pressure, sensation of heat or discomfort in the chest, jaw, shoulder, back, or arm, lasting for 5-10 minutes
  • Short breathing with no cause for 5-10 minutes
  • Irregular heartbeat accompanied by dizziness
Quickly ask to be brought to the hospital if you experience symptoms:
  • Shorter breathing with no more than 5-10 minutes
  • Sudden nausea, vomiting, or severe gastrointestinal upset
  • Sudden sweating for no apparent reason
  • Extreme fatigue for no apparent reason
  • Loss of consciousness or fainting, and
  • Feeling very panic suddenly without cause
Again, the key is to listen to your body and follow your instinct. When you experience symptoms that interfere in any way, which may even relate to the heart, consult a physician.

If the doctor does not ignore you, it is a reflection on the doctor, not you, and it is a sign that it is time to find a new doctor, who will do whatever is important to find the cause of your symptoms.

Marfan Syndrome - How to Treat and Risk of Marfan Syndrome

RICHARD G November 10, 2019
Marfan Syndrome - How to Treat and Risk of Marfan Syndrome. Risk Factors Marfan Syndrome.

What increases the risk of Marfan's syndrome?
Marfan's syndrome affects both males and females and appears among all racial and ethnic groups.
Because it is a genetic condition, the biggest risk factor of Marfan's syndrome is having a parent or family member with this abnormality.
Read Also : Marfan Syndrome - Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Marfan Syndrome
Diagnosis & Marfan syndrome Treatment
The information described is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor.
How does a doctor diagnose Marfan's syndrome?
When doctors suspect the presence of this disease, you will undergo a thorough physical examination of the eyes, heart, blood vessels, muscular system, and skeleton.

The doctor will also inquire about your health history and your family, to get information on whether the disease is inherited from the family.

Other tests that are useful for diagnosing these conditions include:
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Eye examination
  • Eye pressure test
When the invention of the standard examination for this syndrome is not so obvious, genetic testing may be helpful.

If you are positive about this syndrome, you may also need to consult a genetic counselor before having a child.

This is done to see if there is a chance of lowering this genetic disorder to your prospective child.

Complications of Marfan syndrome
Because Marfan's syndrome can affect almost all parts of the body, this disease may cause a variety of complications.

Complications of the most dangerous syndrome involve the heart and blood vessels. A defective connective tissue is able to weaken the aortic — a large artery that flows from the heart and supplies blood to the body.

> Aortic aneurysm
Blood pressure leaving the heart is capable of causing the aortic wall to bulge, such as a weak point on a vehicle tire.

> Aortic dissection
The aortic walls are made of various layers. Aortic dissection occurs when small tears inside the inner layer of the aortic wall let blood press between the inner and outer wall layers. This leads to tremendous pain in the chest or back. Aortic dissection weakens the structure of vessels and can result in tears, which may be lethal.

> Malformation Valve
Patients with Marfan syndrome are also more susceptible to problems with heart valves, which may be deformed or too elastic. When the heart valve does not work properly, the heart often has to work harder to replace it, resulting in heart failure.

Eye complications may include:
  • Dislocation of eye lenses
  • Retina disorders
  • Glaucoma or early cataract
Marfan's syndrome also increases the risk of unnatural vertebrae, such as scoliosis. This syndrome can also inhibit the development of normal ribs, which at risk of causing the breastbone to pop or appear drowning into the chest. Leg pain and lower back are also often experienced by patients with Marfan syndrome.

How to treat Marfan syndrome
People experiencing Marfan's syndrome are treated by a multidisciplinary medical team consisting of geneticists, cardiologists, ophthalmologists, bone surgeons, and thoracic surgeons.

Although there is no cure for Marfan's syndrome, treatment focuses on preventing various complications of the disease. To find out what treatment is most appropriate, you should be checked regularly for signs that damage caused by disease is developing.

Home remedies for Marfan syndrome disease
What are the home remedies or lifestyle changes that can be made to prevent or reduce symptoms of Marfan's syndrome?
Read Also : Marfan Syndrome - Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Marfan Syndrome
You can do some treatment independently to prevent or reduce signs of Marfan's syndrome. Some of them are:
  1. Activities
    Most people with Marfan syndrome can participate in certain types of physical activity and/or recreational activities. People with aortic widening cannot exercise high-intensity groups, contact sports, and isometric sports (such as lifting weights). Widened people with aortic are advised to avoid high-intensity team sports, contact sports and isometric sports (a variety of weights). Ask your cardiologist about the activity referral for you.
  2. Pregnancy
    Genetic counseling should be done before pregnancy because most cases of Marfan syndrome are congenital conditions since birth. Follow-up blood pressure screening as often as possible and the monthly echocardiogram is carefully needed during pregnancy. If there is a very fast enlargement or widening of the aortic, rest on the bed or surgery may be required. The doctor will discuss with you the best childbirth method.
  3. Prevention of Endocarditis
    Patients with Marfan syndrome involving the heart or heart valves or who have undergone heart surgery may be more risky to be exposed to endocarditis bacterial, i.e., valve infections or cardiac tissues that arise when bacteria enter the bloodstream. To reduce the risk of endocarditis, antibiotics are required in Marfan syndrome patients who will undergo surgical procedures. Consult the doctor about the type and amount of antibiotics that you should drink.
  4. Emotional ConsiderationsPatients with genetic disorders are susceptible to stress, emotional distress, financial problems, and are in need of adjustment of view and lifestyle. To avoid any such pressure, you will always need the support of the people around you.
  5. Follow-up
    Regular follow-up checks include cardiovascular, eye, and skeletal examination, especially during periods of growth. The doctor will discuss the frequency of follow up.

Marfan Syndrome - Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Marfan Syndrome

RICHARD G November 09, 2019
Signs, symptoms and causes of Marfan syndrome. What is Marfan's syndrome? Marfan's syndrome is a congenital disorder that can affect connective tissue in the body. Connective tissue is the fibers that support and bind the organs and other structures in the body. Its existence is also important in assisting the growth and development of the body.
Signs, symptoms and causes of Marfan syndrome
The damage to this connective tissue is due to chemical processes that cause the mutation of genes in the body. Marfan syndrome generally affects the heart, eyes, skin, bones, nervous system, blood vessels, and lungs.
Read Also : How to Treat and Risk of Marfan Syndrome
One of the threats caused by the syndrome is aortic damage, which is the artery that drains blood from the heart to the rest of the body. This syndrome can damage the inner lining of the aorta, and it causes bleeding in the walls of the blood vessels. This condition is dangerous and life-threatening.
Some people with Marfan's syndrome also have mitral valve prolapse, which is the condition in which the heart's mitral valve thickens. This condition results in a faster heartbeat and difficulty breathing.

Even though Marfan's syndrome has not been healed in total, advances in the medical world can help the sufferer to live longer. Therefore, accurate early diagnosis is very important for people with these syndromes and also those with related abnormalities.

How common is Marfan's syndrome?
Marfan's syndrome is a mutation disease in genes that are quite common. This syndrome affects 1 from 5000 to 10,000 people, from various races and ethnic groups.

About 3 out of 4 people with Marfan Syndrome experience this condition as a result of being lowered from the family. However, in some cases, some have become the first person in the family who have this syndrome. The phenomenon is called a spontaneous mutation.

The chance of the disease is handed down back to the next generation is about 50%.

Signs & Symptoms Marfan syndrome

What are the symptoms of Marfan syndrome?
The signs and symptoms of this syndrome are very diverse. In fact, in some cases, this syndrome does not exhibit any obvious symptoms. Generally, the disease develops with increasing age, and the symptoms will be more obvious as the connective tissue is changing.

Some people only experience mild signs and symptoms, but others may experience life-threatening complications.

Below are the signs and symptoms of Marfan's syndrome that may seem:
1. Physical appearance
People with this syndrome are usually thin and tall. His arms, legs, and fingers may look disproportionate and too long for his size.

In addition, the spine of patients with this syndrome may appear twisted, so there are some sufferers who also suffer from kyphoscoliosis. Their joints also feel weak and easy to shift.

Generally, the face of Marfan syndrome is long and sharp in shape, accompanied by a higher palate than normal people.

2. Dental and Bone problems
Sufferers of this syndrome also usually have problems with the teeth and palate. In addition, bones in patients with Marfan syndrome are generally problematic, such as the bone shape of a flat leg, hernia, and bone shifting.

3. Eye problems
Other symptoms that can be seen in this disease are vision problems. This syndrome leads to blurring vision, closer visibility, shifting eye lenses, or differences in shape between the left and right eyes.

4. Changes in the heart and blood vessels
A total of 90% of patients with this syndrome underwent changes in cardiac and vascular function. This syndrome can damage the walls of blood vessels.

It is potentially triggered by the aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, or rupture of the aorta. Patients may also suffer from bleeding in the head skull or brain aneurysm.

These connective tissue disorders are also at risk of having problems with their heart valves, such as mitral valve prolapse. It is usually indicated by the symptoms of short breath, very tired body, or irregular heartbeat.

5. Changes in the lungs
The lungs can also be affected by this disease. Generally, sufferers of Marfan syndrome also have respiratory problems such as asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), bronchitis, pneumonia, or lung collapse.

6. Other signs
Another symptom that may appear in patients with this syndrome is reduced elasticity to the skin. It will also appear as stretch marks in some parts of the skin, although the patient is not experiencing weight gain.

When to go to the doctor?
If you think you or your child may experience Marfan's syndrome, talk to your doctor or pediatrician. Always discuss with a doctor to get the best solution for your situation.

Cause Marfan syndrome

What causes Marfan syndrome?
The main cause of Marfan's syndrome is a disorder or mutation in the gene in charge of forming connective tissues.
Read Also : How to Treat and Risk of Marfan Syndrome
Connective tissue is made of proteins known as fibrillins-1. Errors or mutations can affect the production of fibrillins-1. In addition, mutation of genes resulted in the body producing other proteins called transforming growth factor-beta or TGF-β. It is this Protein that can affect the strength and elasticity of connective tissues.

Connective tissues can be found throughout the body. If connective tissue has been attacked by Marfan's syndrome, there will be many parts of the body affected, such as the heart, blood vessels, bones, joints, eyes, lungs, skin, immune system, and the most dangerous are aortic vessels.

Most people with Marfan's syndrome inherit the gene mutation of the parents suffering from this disorder. Every child of a parent of this syndrome has a 50-50 chance of inheriting an abnormal gene.
In about 25 percent of sufferers of this syndrome, the faulty gene does not originate from parents. In this case, the new mutation develops spontaneously.

How to Prevent Sarcopenia in Middle Age

RICHARD G November 06, 2019
How to Prevent Sarcopenia in Middle Age. Preventing obesity of Sarcopenia in middle age. Sarcopenia is a phenomenon of loss of lean muscle mass and strength as it grows older, and it is part of the aging process. Although muscle occurs on its own, the condition of obesity can exacerbate the condition of muscle and cause premature death due to cardiovascular disease.
How to Prevent Sarcopenia in Middle Age
Obesity is a cycle of muscle
Obesity muscle itself is defined as the presence of conditions of muscle and obesity in a person. But more specifically this happens when a person experiences a decrease in muscle mass and increases in fat tissue in the body. The obesity muscle is diagnosed with low muscle mass and strength of a person when he is obese, based on body mass index as well as abdominal circumference.

The developmental cycle of obesity muscle begins when the aging process occurs, which causes lifestyle changes and results in decreased muscle mass while enhancing the body fat layer. Such conditions can trigger obesity so as to limit physical activity that ultimately affects the decrease in muscle tone. Furthermore, decreased muscle mass or condition of muscle will also reduce physical activity and exacerbate the condition of obesity.

Complications due to obesity muscle
The decline in muscle mass and strength causes difficulty to move, moreover, the condition of obesity can cause a person to easily fall away and experience fractures. Overweight or obese in adulthood also worsens the health of the heart and blood vessels, as well as increasing the risk of experiencing diabetes mellitus during the elderly. Such complications can not only reduce the quality of health but also restrict the elderly to physical activity so as to exacerbate the condition of obesity muscle and increase the risk of premature death.

How can obesity trigger muscle mass loss?
Sarcopenia generally occurs in the elderly, but there are several mechanisms of excess fat that can decrease muscle time and speed up the process of Sarcopenia:
  1. Changes in body composition in the age of adulthood. Entering the age of 30 years usually decreases muscle mass due to hormonal changes and physical activity, but this can also be exacerbated by the addition of fat layers. The imbalance of fat proportions with muscles can lead to decreased muscle strength, while excess fat since the age of young and adulthood causes the brain to sustain muscle mass up to the elderly.
  2. The inflammation is triggered by the fat layer. The body fat layer is an active tissue that produces proteins, one of which is pro-inflammatory drugs cytokines, which have a negative effect in retaining lean muscle mass and increasing more fat tissue. These proteins are likely to be a major trigger in the cycle of obesity sarcopenia.
  3. Trigger insulin resistance. Proteins produced from fatty tissues can interfere with insulin work until it causes a resistance effect. The next condition of insulin resistance will give the effect of catabolism or decomposition in muscles so that there is a decrease in muscle mass and strength.
  4. Inhibit the testosterone hormone. One of the functions of testosterone hormone is maintaining and assisting muscle growth. But typically testosterone levels will experience a decline in people who are obese due to too many fatty acids produced by fatty tissues.
What to do to cope with obesity muscle
Both obesity and muscle are very likely to occur as the age increases, but they still need to be prevented before they cause complications. Here are some of the efforts that focus on overcoming obesity sarcopenia.
  • Losing weight – is a major effort to address the problems of muscle and obesity, and it is necessary to prevent complications, about 20% weight loss alone can help reduce the burden of bone-holding fat and Lowering insulin resistance.
  • Physical Activity – The development of obesity muscle is strongly influenced by the level of physical activity because active moves can strengthen muscles and prevent obesity. Adults need physical activity that can retain muscle mass, such as endurance exercises and burn fat effectively with aerobic exercise.
  • Dietary Improvement – The aging process is often followed by the loss of muscle mass and dietary changes so that the body is deficient in essential amino acids from proteins. It is necessary to increase protein intake to replace a range of damaged cells, equivalent to 25-30 grams of protein each meal in a day. In addition, a low-carbohydrate diet is also needed especially in the elderly because it can cause negative effects in protein absorption.
How to prevent sarcopenia?
Surely you don't want to experience muscle or losing muscle mass at an earlier age, right? Relax, some ways you can do to prevent sarcopenia. Here's how.

1. Sports Muscular Endurance
The more often the muscles are used, the more muscle mass and strength. When muscles are used, muscle increases protein synthesis and lowers protein breakdown. Thus, muscle mass is increasing. So, people who seldom exercise will be more at risk of losing their muscle mass at an earlier age, as they rarely train their muscle strength.

Exercise, especially endurance exercises aimed at strengthening muscles is very effective to prevent sarcopenia. This is because endurance exercises can affect the neuromuscular system, protein synthesis, and hormones, all of which affect muscle mass and strength.

Aerobic exercise may also help to prevent sarcopenia. This is because aerobic exercise can increase protein synthesis, increase insulin sensitivity, and decrease oxidative stress, which also affects the mass and strength of muscles. The elderly who do endurance or aerobic exercises may be able to rebuild their muscle strength.

2. Fulfill the following nutrients
Food and nutrition play an important role in maintaining muscle mass and strength, especially proteins.

Protein is needed to build and maintain muscle mass. The amino acids present in proteins are the compounds needed to stimulate protein synthesis in the muscles so that adequate protein intake is needed by the elderly to retain their muscle mass.

Studies have shown that seniors need more protein intake than younger people. Protein intake of 1-1.2 grams per kilogram of body weight per day is the optimal intake for the elderly.

Foods that contain high-quality proteins are very influential in increasing muscle mass. High-protein foods, such as milk and dairy products, can increase protein synthesis in the muscles longer. Whey proteins in milk can increase protein synthesis in the muscles quickly. Whereas, casein in milk can retain increased protein synthesis for longer and reduce the breakdown of muscle proteins.

In addition to protein, the fulfillment of energy needs, as well as vitamins and minerals from vegetables and fruits, is also important done by adults and elderly to prevent sarcopenia.