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Metabolic Disorders - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Metabolic Disorders

Metabolic Disorders - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Metabolic Disorders. Various diseases that occur due to metabolic disorders. Have yo...

Metabolic Disorders - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Metabolic Disorders

RICHARD G August 16, 2019
Metabolic Disorders - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Metabolic Disorders. Various diseases that occur due to metabolic disorders. Have you ever wondered how your body can move? How can the food you eat to be processed into the energy you are used to doing? How can your body never lack energy?
Metabolic Disorders - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Metabolic Disorders
All of that can happen because something in his scientific language is known for its metabolism. How important is the metabolic role for your body, right? So, what happens when you experience a body's metabolic disorder?

What is metabolism?
Metabolism is a set of chemical processes that occur in your body. This process begins with the body absorbing nutrients from the food you eat, then the nutrients are broken down with the help of digestive enzymes into other simpler forms that are more acceptable to the body until they can eventually be circulated together With blood to source your energy daily activities (catabolism).

But not all of these nutrients are circulated throughout the body. Some of the substance resulting from the metabolic process are stored for energy when time is needed. Some are used to nurture and develop cells. Part of this process is called anabolism.

What is the body's metabolic disorder?
Impaired body metabolism is a condition when the metabolic process does not occur properly. The body instead produces excessive nutrients or that is lacking for the body.

Impaired body metabolism can occur in many forms, such as:
  • Lack of enzymes or vitamins whose presence is needed for chemical reactions in the body
  • Chemical reactions that inhibit metabolic processes (abnormal)
  • Abnormalities in organs that are important in metabolic processes (such as the liver, pancreas, endocrine glands, etc.) as well as
  • Lack of nutritional levels in the body.
What causes the body's metabolic disorder?
Many factors can cause the disruption of metabolism. The disruption of the process of working a particular organ is one of them. This condition often occurs due to lack of a hormone or enzyme, consumption of certain foods with excessive, as well as hereditary factors.

Metabolic Disorders

There are some bodily metabolic disorders that occur due to the mutation of the derived genes. It is supported by the National Institutes of Health which says that there are certain ethnic genes that can trigger congenital metabolic disorders, such as sickle-cell anemia in African descent and cystic fibrosis in European descent North.

What are the types of body metabolic disorders?
Diabetes is one of the most common types of metabolic disorders, consisting of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes can trigger a lack of insulin levels in the body to finally trigger disorders of the kidneys, vision, heart and blood vessels.

In addition to diabetes, congenital metabolic disorders are the most types of metabolic disorders, including:
  1. Gaucher's disease. The condition in which the body does not have to break down certain types of fat until eventually accumulate on the liver, spleen, and spinal cord.
  2. Malabsorption of glucose and galactose. Conditions in which there is an error in the transportation of glucose and galactose through the abdominal wall that precisely causes diarrhea and severe dehydration. Emerging symptoms can be controlled by reducing the consumption of foods that contain lactose, sucrose, and glucose.
  3. Hemochromatosis derived. The condition in which the body stores excessive iron in some organs and precisely causes liver cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, diabetes and the disruption of the heart.
  4. Maple Syrup urine disease. This condition disrupts the metabolic process with the presence of certain amino acids which cause increasingly rapid degeneration of neuron cells and can lead to infant mortality even in the first few months of his life.
  5. Phenylketonuria, which is able to cause the body's inability to produce enzymes, mental retardation, organ damage, and unusual posture. These abnormalities can be handled by limiting the consumption of certain types of proteins.
Impaired body metabolism is a complex disorder but still rarely talked about, so it still needs a lot more research.

Understanding metabolic processes and what the consequences on the body if disturbed

You may already be familiar with hearing the word metabolism. Every living creature can function and survive thanks to the metabolism of the body. However, do you really understand what the term actually means? What happens when the body is metabolizing?

What is metabolism?
Metabolism is the process of processing food nutrients that have been absorbed by the body to be converted into energy. Further energy is used to support all functions of the body, from breathing, thinking, growing, to each of your movements to perform various daily activities.

This process consists of a series of chemical reactions that occur in the cells of the body. Each chemical reaction works according to other bodily functions. In fact, thousands of metabolic reactions occur simultaneously under the control of the body to keep cells healthy and functioning.

What is the difference between digestive processes?
The process of digesting is actually more defined as the process by which the body to cultivate and break down food into nutrients. This process is entirely occurring in the digestive organs, such as the stomach and intestines.

Meanwhile, metabolic processes can occur in a variety of cells in the body that are controlled by special proteins. This energy formation process has even started since you first formed in the womb, and it will stop when you die.

Simply put, metabolism is preceded by the digestive process.

Stages of the body's metabolic process
Metabolism is a fundamental process that occurs in everyone. Not only humans but animals and plants also experience the same process to function normally. In humans, the body's metabolism works in two ways, namely catabolism, and anabolism.

Catabolism is the stage of energy formation and storage. This energy-saving process occurs when you eat rice or other staple foods that are then transformed by the body to be the main energy. Once the food is chewed and crushed in the mouth, then go into the stomach to digest and take nutrients.

After that, the nutrients will be formed into a new substance and carried in the bloodstream to be delivered to each cell of the body to carry out its function.

Conversely, Anabolism is an energy-burning stage. Anabolism will consume energy because it is used to repair damaged tissues and build new ones, as well as to produce various hormones.

What are the problems or disorders that can affect the body's metabolic system?

As a computer system or mechanical process that can experience certain problems or disruptions, the body's metabolism can also be interrupted at any time.

Metabolic disorders refer to any illness or condition caused by abnormal chemical reactions in the cells of your body. It could be an abnormal level of enzyme or hormone, or an improperly functioning enzyme and hormone work.

When a chemical reaction is obstructed or damaged, the deficiency or shedding of toxic substances may occur which causes serious symptoms.

Some of the most common examples of metabolic disorders are:

Thyroid disease (hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism)
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped organ located in the lower neck. Its function is to produce thyroxine hormones that support the metabolic process to maintain the function of various vital functions of the body, especially the heart, brain, muscles, and skin.

Thyroid disease occurs when the work of the thyroid gland is impaired, either being less active (hypothyroid) or overactive (hyperthyroid).

Symptoms of hyperthyroid are weight loss, pounding heart, increased blood pressure, prominent eye, and swelling of the neck gland (mumps). In the meantime, hypothyroidism is characterized by an easy-to-lose body, slow heart rate, weight gain, and constipation.

Diabetes or commonly referred to as sweet urine is caused by the presence of disorders in the body's metabolic processes to produce insulin hormones. This will result in the body being deficient in insulin so that increased blood sugar levels are abnormal.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas cannot produce adequate amounts of insulin hormones, while type 2 diabetes happens as a result of the body that is unable to respond to insulin properly. This is known as insulin resistance.

As the condition progresses, the disease can cause problems in the kidneys, pain caused by nerve damage, blindness, and heart disease and blood vessels.

Congenital metabolic Disorders

Here are some examples of congenital metabolic abnormalities, including:
  • Galactosemia: Infants born with Galactosemia do not have enough of an enzyme galactose that breaks down sugar in milk.
  • Phenylketonuria: This condition is caused by a defect in the enzyme that breaks down the amino acid phenylalanine. This enzyme is necessary for normal growth and protein production.
  • Sometimes, congenital metabolic disorders can result in serious problems if they are not treated early.
  • Ways to Boost the body's metabolism
  • Consume a lot of protein for each meal.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Perform high-intensity sports.
  • Lift weights. Lifting heavy loads is important for shaping and retaining muscles. The more your muscle counts, the higher the metabolism of the body.
  • Drink green tea or oolong tea.
  • Eat spicy foods.
  • A restful sleep. Lack of sleep can lower the number of calories you burn, affecting the way you process sugar and impairs the appetite-regulating hormone.
  • Drink coffee. Surprising it, drinking coffee can increase your metabolism as well as help lose weight).
Thus the article on metabolic disorders-symptoms, causes and treating metabolic disorders, thanks.

How to Overcome Skin Cancer, Characteristics and Symptoms of Skin Cancer

RICHARD G August 14, 2019
Skin cancer Symptoms. Skin cancer is one of the diseases that symptoms are often neglected because they are similar to other diseases.

In addition, skin cancer is also sometimes not found because it has a starting sign in the form of moles, which is a regular condition.

Therefore, it is necessary to check more detail to see if a person is properly experiencing skin cancer or not. In addition to conducting self-examination, can also be through doctor examination.

Skin cancer Symptoms

There are several factors that can cause skin cancer, ranging from congenital abnormalities, hereditary factors, to the presence of viral infections or even lifestyles. Such as direct sunlight exposure.

There are three most common types of skin cancers:
  • Basal cell carcinoma, which is skin cancer derived from cells in the deepest part of the outer skin layer (epidermis).
  • Squamous cell carcinoma, which is skin cancer derived from cells in the middle and outer parts of the epidermis.
  • Melanoma, which is skin cancer derived from the skin pigment-producing cells (melanocytes).
  • Melanoma cancer is less common than basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma but is more harmful.
Before we discuss skin cancer symptoms and how to treat skin cancer or how to cope with skin cancer, please refer to the characteristics of skin cancer below.

Well, what are some characteristics of skin cancer that need to be wary of?

1. Skin Spots
One of the earliest characteristics of skin cancer that can be observed is the presence of unusual patches on the skin. These spots can also appear suddenly without Mama realizing what the cause is.
If initially, the patches that appear may be small in size, then in the skin cancer the spots will grow more and wider.

So do not ignore when the black patches suddenly appear, which are then enlarged and may become painful.

2. Skin so looked scaly
Besides the emergence of sudden and enlarged spots, also notice sudden skin surface so scaly and accompanied by itching.

Yes, skin that is experiencing early symptoms of cancer can also be characterized by the emergence of scaly sides of the skin. This is due to damage to the skin cells due to the emergence of cancer cells, Ma.

Consequently, the skin is not able to regenerate well, so the scales appear on the surface of the skin.

3. There is a lump on the skin surface
In certain types of cancers, the emergence of lumps on the surface of the skin that is not accompanied by pain can be an early sign. No exception to skin cancers.

When Mama finds there is a lump on the surface of the skin on some parts of the body, especially on the part of the body that is often exposed to sunlight directly, this caution can be an early sign of skin cancer as well, Ma.

This lump can also appear in the fold areas such as the armpit or neck, especially when the cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes. When this is the case, cancer that starts at the bottom of the skin is not recognized by Mama and has spread.

4. Moles grow enlarged and colored
If Mama initially had a mole, then suddenly there was a change especially on its size, color, and asymmetric level, so it could be an early sign of skin cancer.

Skin cancer of melanoma is often difficult to distinguish with ordinary moles. The characteristic of melanoma skin cancer is a large brown spot on the skin, this mole-like lump can change color, enlarge and sometimes even can bleed.

Note that if the mole in Mama's skin becomes asymmetrical in shape, it is colored like black, blue or even reddish, as well as changing size to become increasingly larger. This can be an early sign of skin cancer melanoma type.

5. Joint Pain
In addition to spreading to the lymph nodes and causing lumps in the folds such as the armpit and neck, cancer cells that spread to the bones can also cause signs such as pain.

Well, this pain is usually more common in the joints of the knee and waist. The type of cancer that can spread like this is for example melanoma.

So if there is a pain in the knee or waist without being known why, if accompanied by the characteristics of other skin cancers, check to the doctor immediately.

6. Appears minor and rough injuries
In skin cancers of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, the initial sign usually appears in the form of minor injuries that are coarse and scaly. Gradually, this little wound or lump can also be crusted.

Areas often affected by the disease are usually in areas of the body that are often exposed to sunlight such as the scalp, neck, and face.

In addition, other areas such as the chest and back also remain at risk of experiencing this type of skin cancer, Ma.

7. Skin surface so itching and pain
When the skin is flaky, the sign of other skin cancers that must also be wary of is the appearance of itching and even pain.

When itching arises, it is one sign that cancer cells are attacking healthy body skin cells.
This itching and tenderness usually appear first on the surface of the skin that looks rough and scaly.

Causes of skin cancer
Skin cancer is caused by alterations or genetic mutations in skin cells. The cause of the change itself is not yet known for certain, but allegedly due to excessive sunlight exposure.

Ultraviolet rays from the sun can damage the skin and trigger abnormal growth in skin cells. This condition is potentially developed into cancer.

In addition, there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing skin cancer:
Internal factors

• A History of skin cancer
A person who has suffered from high-risk skin cancer is exposed to skin cancer back. The risk of skin cancer will also increase if it has family members with a history of skin cancer.

• White Skin
Skin cancer can attack everyone regardless of skin color. However, white-skinned people have fewer melanin amounts, so the protection against ultraviolet rays is weaker.

• Moles
A person who has a lot of mole or mole with a large size is riskier to get skin cancer.

• Low immune system
People with lower immune systems are at high risk of developing skin cancer, including people with H*V/A*DS and those who consume immunosuppressive drugs.

• Solar keratosis
Exposure to sunlight can lead to the formation of coarse and scaly patches with varying colors in the face or hands. This condition is called solar keratosis. Solar Keratosis is a precancerous condition and is highly potentially transformed into cancer.

External factors

• Sun exposure
People who are often exposed to sunlight, especially those who do not use sunscreen, are more at risk of skin cancer. This condition occurs in people living in tropical climates or in high altitude areas.

• Radiation exposure
Patients with atopic eczema or acne who undergo treatment therapy with radiation therapy (radiotherapy) are at high risk of developing skin cancers, especially basal cell carcinoma.

• Exposure of chemicals
There are many chemicals that are suspected to cause cancer (carcinogenic), one of which is arsenic.
Skin Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms or signs of skin cancer generally appear on the parts of the body that are often exposed to sunlight, such as the scalp, face, ears, neck, arms, or limbs. However, skin cancers can also occur in parts of the body that are rarely exposed to sunlight, such as palms, feet, or even genital areas.

The following are the symptoms of skin cancer by type:

Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is characterized by soft and shiny lumps on the surface of the skin or a flat-shaped lesion in dark-colored or reddish-brown skin resembling meat.

Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is characterized by a hard red lump on the skin or lesions that form flat and scaly like a crust. Lesions can feel itchy, bleeding, and become a crust.

Skin Melanoma Cancer
Melanoma skin cancer is characterized by brown patches or lumps. Melanoma does resemble a regular mole, but the shape is more irregular. The ABCDE method can be used to distinguish ordinary moles with melanoma. These methods include:
  • Asymmetrical, most melanoma has a form that is not asymmetrical.
  • Border (Fringe), the edge of melanoma tends to be irregular.
  • Color, more than one melanoma color.
  • Diameter, melanoma size over 6 mm.
  • Evolution, such as changes in shape, color, or size of moles.
Evolution is the most important sign of melanoma.

Skin cancer treatment/How to treat skin cancer
Treatment of skin cancers depends on the type, location, and stage of skin cancer. There are several types of treatment that can be done, namely:

1. Cream for skin cancer
Treatment method with cream giving is done to treat early-stage cancer that only affects the upper layer of the skin.

2. cryotherapy
Cryotherapy is done using liquid nitrogen to produce cold temperatures and kill cancer cells in the early stages.

3. Operation
Surgery is done by lifting the cancer tissue along with the surrounding healthy skin. Surgery can also be done by lifting the tumor that grows in each layer of the skin and examining each layer under the microscope until there are no more cancer cells left (Mohs surgery).

4. curettage
This method of treatment is done by lifting the cancer tissues using a special tool called curettage. Then, the remaining cancer cells will be burned with an electric needle (cauterization).

5. Radiotherapy
This treatment is performed by exposing the radiation to kill the cancer cells. Radiotherapy is used when surgery is not possible or the spread of cancer cells has been widespread.

6. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is done by giving medications that are taken or injected to kill the cancer cells.

7. Biological therapy
Biological therapy is performed by providing medications or substances that can stimulate the immune system to fight cancer cells.

Complications of skin cancer
Every patient with skin cancer is at risk of returning skin cancer. These recurrent skin cancers can occur in the same body area or surrounding tissues. Skin cancers can also occur in other parts of the body. This condition occurs when the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body.

Skin cancer can directly affect the appearance, especially if it appears in areas that are not covered in clothing. This condition can trigger anxiety and depression in the sufferer.

How to prevent skin cancer
The best way to prevent skin cancer is to protect the skin from exposure to sunlight or other ultraviolet light sources, such as skin tanning tools. The steps you can take include:
  • Avoid sunlight during the day, because the strongest exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun takes place from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
  • Use sunscreen regularly, to prevent the absorption of ultraviolet rays into the skin and reduce the risk of sun damage caused by sunlight.
  • Use clothes that cover the body, such as long-sleeved shirts and trousers, to protect the skin from sunlight.
  • Use also hats and sunglasses when exiting the house, to provide more protection against the head and eyes of sunlight radiation.
  • Avoid the use of tanning bed, which is a tool to darken the skin as it can emit harmful ultraviolet radiation to the skin.
  • Be careful when using medications that cause side effects on the skin, such as antibiotics. To be safe, consult your doctor first.
  • Perform a regular skin screening and consult your doctor immediately, if you suspect any changes or abnormalities in the skin.
Such a brief review of skin cancers that include, skin cancer characteristics, skin cancer symptoms, how to prevent skin cancer, and how to treat skin cancer.

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Colon cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments of Colon Cancer

RICHARD G July 16, 2019
Colon cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments of Colon Cancer. Colon cancer is a malignant tumor in the colon. The most common symptom of colon cancer is bloody bowel movements. This disease often originates from a benign tumor called a polyp.
Colon cancer Symptoms
To date, the cause of colon cancer is not yet known clearly. However there are some things that are suspected to increase the risk of a person suffering from colon cancer, among others do not like to eat fiber, rarely exercise, and smoking.
Read Also : How to Quickly Cope With Migraine Headaches
The earlier is detected, the likelihood of colon cancer to heal will also be greater. Therefore, people who are at risk of developing colon cancer are recommended to routinely have themselves checked into a doctor from ages 45 years old.

Causes of colon cancer

Colon cancer is caused by alteration or mutation of genes in the colon tissue. However, the cause of the mutation is not yet identified.
Although the cause is unknown, there are several lifestyles that are suspected to increase the risk of a person being exposed to colon cancer, among others:
  • Diet less fiber
  • Consuming too much red meat and fat
  • Smoking
  • Consuming alcoholic beverages
  • Infrequent exercise
In addition, there are some conditions or diseases that also make a person suffer from colon cancer, namely:
  • Aged over 50 years old.
  • Have a parent or sibling who suffers from colon cancer.
  • Suffer from intestinal polyps.
  • Experiencing excess weight or obesity.
  • Suffer from diabetes.
  • Suffering from inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Never undergo radiotherapy in the abdomen.
  • It suffers from a genetic disorder called the Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or Lynch syndrome.

Colon cancer Symptoms

The symptoms of colon cancer in the early stages sometimes do not feel or do not even appear at all. However, there are some symptoms that may arise in early colon cancer, namely:
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Flatulence
  • Cramps or abdominal pain
  • Change in the shape and color of feces
  • Bloody bowel movements
If you are already entering the advanced stage, patients with colon cancer may experience symptoms in the form of:
  • Fatigue
  • Often feel incomplete bowel movements
  • Changes in stools that occur more than a month
  • Drastic weight loss
When colon cancer has spread to other parts of the body, symptoms may arise:
  • Jaundice (jaundice)
  • Blurred vision
  • Swelling of the arms and limbs
  • Headache
  • Fractures
  • Shortness of breath
When to go to a doctor
As has been said before, patients with colon cancer at first could not feel the symptoms at all. Therefore, starting from the age of 45 years, you are advised to consult a physician to assess the risk of developing colon cancer, as well as to conduct routine screening of colon cancer according to doctor's advice.

You should also consult a doctor if you feel a complaint that may be a symptom of colon cancer, such as:
  • Recurrent diarrhea or constipation.
  • Experiencing changes in the shape and color of feces.
  • Often feel the defecation is not complete.
  • Bloody bowel movements.

Colon cancer Diagnosis

To find out if a patient suffers from colon cancer, the doctor will ask the patient for symptoms. The doctor will also ask if the patient suffers from a disease that can increase the risk of developing colon cancer, as well as tracing the health history of the patient's family.

After that, the doctor will conduct a physical examination and examination of supporting examination, such as:

Endoscopy is performed by a gastroenterologist to see the condition of the colon, using a special tool in the form of a flexible hose with the camera at its end, which is inserted through the anus. Examination with this tool is called colonoscopy.

In addition to the flexible hose, there is also an endoscopy with a camera capsule media that must be swallowed by the patient, to see the entire digestive tract.

Intestinal biopsy
A biopsy is an examination by taking a sample of intestinal tissue to be examined under a microscope, in order to see the presence of malignant cells (cancer).

A biopsy can be performed during colonoscopy examination, or during surgery on the stomach to remove most of the colon.

To find out how far cancer has spread, as well as to assess the function of other organs and the success of treatment, the doctor will do the examination:

X-ray photographs are performed to see the condition of the colon. In order to make the results clearer, the patient will be asked to drink a solution of special color substances (contrast) first.

CT Scan
CT scans are conducted to see the condition of the colon and surrounding tissues in more detail.

Blood test
Blood tests can provide information on the functioning of various organs before the oncology performs treatment, such as the number of blood cells, liver function, and kidney function. The doctor may also conduct a screening called CEA to assess the response to treatment.

Doctors recommend people who are at high risk of developing colon cancer to undergo regular colon cancer screening. The goal is that if cancer arises, it can be dealt with immediately.

Colon cancer screening

Colon cancer screening is recommended in men and women aged 45 years and above. Some of the recommended checks are:
  • Stool inspection, every 1 year.
  • Colonoscopy, every 10 years.
  • CT scan of the stomach, every 5 years.
The examination can detect the presence of blood in the feces, or polyps in the intestines that can develop into colon cancer. Discuss with the doctor about the benefits and risks of each examination.

Colon cancer Stadium

Based on severity, colon cancer is divided into several stages, namely:

• Stage 1
At this stage, cancer only grows inside the colon.

• Stadium 2
At this stage, cancer has penetrated the colon wall.

• Stage 3
At this stage, cancer has spread to the lymph nodes located adjacent to the colon.

• Stadium 4
This stage is the most severe level of colon cancer, where cancer has spread far and attacks other organs, such as lungs or liver.

The stage of colon cancer will be determined after the doctor conducts the examination of the patient. The determination of this stage helps the doctor to plan the appropriate treatment.

Colon cancer treatment

Treatment of colon cancer is done according to the stage or the severity of cancer. Some of the types of treatment for coping with colon cancer are:

Surgery is performed to remove the tissue of cancer in the colon. The type of surgery performed depends on the severity and spread of cancer.

In surgery, the colon that has undergone cancer along with a small number of healthy tissues around it will be cut off and removed. After that, the colon will be connected to the rest of the colon leading to the anus, or directly connected to the artificial hole in the abdominal wall as a place of feces. This hole is called a stoma and is made through a colostomy operation.

Besides cutting the colon, surgery can also be done to remove lymph nodes that have been undermined by cancer.

Chemotherapy is a way to kill cancer cells through the administration of drugs in several cycles arranged by oncology doctor. Some examples of colon cancer drugs are oxaliplatin and irinotecan.

Radiotherapy is done to kill cancer cells by using radiation rays. This beam can be emitted from a device outside the body (external radiotherapy) or from a device installed near the location of cancer (internal radiotherapy).

Targeted Drug Therapies
Unlike chemotherapy that attacks cancer cells as well as healthy cells, the drug works by killing specific cancerous cells. Targeted drug therapies can be administered singly or combined with other treatment methods. Some medicines used, among others:
  • Regorafenib
  • Cetuximab
  • Bevacizumab
  • Ramucirumab
In general, patients suffering from colon and diagnosed cancer since the initial stage have higher levels of healing than those diagnosed in the final stage.

Patients who have been declared cured of colon cancer still have the risk of suffering from cancer back. To ensure that colon cancer does not reappear, the doctor will schedule regular control of the patient.

Colon cancer prevention

Colon cancer can be prevented by applying a healthy lifestyle. The possible ways to minimize the risk of developing this disease are:
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Consume foods that are rich in fiber, such as fruits.
  • Maintain ideal body weight.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Reduce or avoid alcoholic beverages.
In addition, in order for colon cancer to be detected as early as possible, examination through screening is also necessary. This method of examination is highly recommended, especially for people who have a family with a history of colon cancer, as well as people aged 50 years and above.

Не стоит недооценивать болезни сердца, это как предотвратить болезни сердца

RICHARD G July 14, 2019
Не стоит недооценивать болезни сердца, это как предотвратить болезни сердца. Сердечные заболевания является самым смертоносным сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний в мире. Сердечные заболевания, вызванные аномалиями, не предотвратимы.
Тем не менее, многие из этих заболеваний можно предотвратить, путем здорового образа жизни. В дополнение к профилактике, здоровый образ жизни ниже также может помочь пациентам с сердечными заболеваниями в процессе заживления:
  • Бросить. Сигареты являются основным фактором риска сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний, особенно ишемической болезни сердца.
  • Обычная проверка. Выполняйте регулярные проверки, касающиеся холестерина, сахара в крови и уровня артериального давления. Узнайте нормальное содержание в этих трех условиях:
    • Кровяное давление. Нормальное кровяное давление ниже 120/80 мм рт. с.
    • Плохой уровень холестерина (LDL). В целом, нормальные уровни ЛПНП ниже 130 мг/дл. Однако у людей с факторами риска сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний, уровни ЛПНП должны быть ниже 100 мг/дл. В то время как у людей с сердечными заболеваниями или диабетом, уровни ЛПНП рекомендуется под 70 мг /дл.
    • Уровень сахара в крови. Нормальный уровень сахара в крови, как правило, менее 100 мг/дл после некормления (голода) в течение по крайней мере 8 часов, и менее 140 мг/дл 2 часа после еды.
  • Тренировка или тренировка. В дополнение к поддержанию здоровья, обычные физические упражнения в течение 30-60 минут в день может помочь контролировать кровяное давление, а также уровень холестерина и сахара в крови. Однако, при аритмии пациентов и врожденных сердечных аномалий, мы рекомендуем вам проконсультироваться с врачом о продолжительности безопасного упражнения.
  • Потребление здоровой пищи. Потребляйте больше фруктов, овощей, пшеницы и омега-3 жиров. Кроме того, ограничить потребление красного мяса, а также избегать продуктов с высоким содержанием сахара, жиров, холестерина и соли. Знайте также ограничение содержания калорий в потребляемой пище, и старайтесь потреблять продукты, которые богаты питательными веществами и низкокалорийны.
  • Держите ваш идеальный вес. Чрезмерный вес или ожирение может увеличить риск развития сердечных заболеваний.
  • Управляйте стрессом хорошо. Стресс в долгосрочной перспективе может привести к сердцу работать больше. Поэтому, насколько это возможно, уменьшить стресс, переживая физическую активность. Например, делать упражнения с участием дыхательных методов и релаксации мышц, таких как йога. Проконсультируйтесь с врачом, если вы часто чувствуете путать, депрессии и сердиться каждый раз, когда вы сталкиваетесь с проблемой.
  • Держите тело в чистоте. Регулярно мыть руки, чистить зубы, и избегать контакта с людьми, которые инфицированы гриппоподобные заболевания.
Подходящие фрукты для профилактики или преодоления сердечных заболеваний

Сердечные заболевания является самым смертоносным сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний в мире. Сердечные заболевания часто называют «молчаливым убийцей», потому что вы не знаете, когда это происходит и каковы симптомы. Таким образом, не в состоянии потреблять различные фрукты для сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний, как описано ниже.

Этот простой и простой способ имеет важное значение для поддержания здоровья органов, которые имеют функцию крови memopa по всему телу.

Этот тип фруктов полезен для сердечных заболеваний

Один из этих простых способов может быть сделано, поедая фрукты для сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний. Ну, вот некоторые виды фруктов для сердца, которые могут быть вариант, среди других:

1. Мангостин
Некоторые исследования говорят, что наиболее эффективным плодом сердечных заболеваний является мангостина кожи вместо его плоти. Но это не легко получить Xanthones найти в этой кожи мангостина.

Он должен обрабатывать экстракты на заводе с новейшими инструментами, чтобы отделить их. Это вещество Xanthone содержит супер антиоксиданты, которые очень хороши для лекарств от болезней сердца. Это вещество способно расползать кровеносные сосуды и уменьшить накопление жира. Тем не менее, было много экстрактов мангостина коры экстракт, который вы можете получить в аптеке.

2. Плоды Менгкуду
Плодом для следующего сердца является Mengkudu, этот плод славится своей способностью поддерживать стабильное кровяное давление. Поэтому, плодчасто используется для снижения кровяного давления у пациентов с высокой кровью. При снижении артериального давления, конечно, это может предотвратить возникновение сердечных заболеваний и инсульта.

Bengkudu Фрукты имеет содержание ксеронина, богатывитаминами и минералами, которые могут улучшить функцию организма, чтобы он мог быть использован для терапевтических сердечных заболеваний и инсульта.

Тем не менее, плод этой болезни сердца имеет очень сильный аромат. Хотя плод не является привлекательным с точки зрения формы и аромата, но фрукты mengkudu является одним из фруктов с существенным источником антиоксидантов.

Этот антиоксидант может расширить канал сужения сосудов. Таким образом, сердце не работает слишком трудно перекачивать кровь и кровяное давление может вернуться в нормальное русло.

3. Помидор
Считается, что содержание калия в помидорах, которые являются достаточно высокими, сохраняет здоровье сердца. Кроме того, помидоры содержат низкий уровень сахара и калорий. Плоды болезни сердца, как правило, красный также является источником одного из антиоксидантных соединений, а именно ликопин. Ликопин является каротиноид, который может помочь удалить плохие жиры, предотвратить потерю кровеносных сосудов, и уменьшить риск сердечного приступа.

4. Авокадо
Авокадо классифицируются как фрукты для сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний, потому что он обогащен мононенасыщенными жирами, которые имеют потенциал, чтобы помочь снизить уровень холестерина. Этот фрукт также с высоким содержанием калия, что полезно для здоровья сердечно-сосудистой системы и хорошим источником антиоксидантов для организма.

5. Вино
Хорошие фрукты для следующего сердца вина. Этот фрукт содержит ресвератрол, который является соединением полифенолов, которое содержится в семенах и его плодах. Ресвератрол действует как антиоксидант, который также помогает предотвратить завалы кровеносных сосудов.

Те же преимущества вина можно получить из красных винных напитков. Тем не менее, красное вино является алкогольным напитком, ограниченным для потребления. Проконсультируйтесь с врачом, прежде чем потреблять его.

Это статья о том, как предотвратить болезни сердца и типы фруктов, пригодных для сердечных заболеваний. Многообещающе полезно.

Rheumatic Heart Disease - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

RICHARD G July 05, 2019
Rheumatic Heart Disease - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Rheumatic Heart Disease. Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which the heart valve is damaged by complications from a rheumatic fever, which is an inflammatory disease that can affect various organs of the body.

Rheumatic heart disease needs to be treated immediately and the treatment will be adjusted to the damage occurring. When not treated immediately, rheumatic heart disease could potentially cause heart failure until death.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Symptoms of rheumatic heart disease
The symptoms that arise in each person may differ depending on the severity of the disease and the damage caused to the heart. Damage to the heart can cause symptoms, such as:
  • Shortness of breath, especially when the activity or when lying down.
  • Arrhythmia.
  • Chest pain.
  • Fast tired.
As already mentioned earlier, rheumatic heart disease is a complication of rheumatic fever. So before the patient experience symptoms of rheumatic heart disease, the patient will first experience rheumatic fever symptoms, such as:
  • Fever.
  • Sweating.
  • Nosebleeds.
  • Vomiting.
  • The pain appears in the stomach.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes or lumps in the neck.
  • Inflammation of joints, especially in the ankles and knees.

As the name suggests, there will be a fever. The fever is also not too high, at most about 38 °c. Then, there is a complaint of sore throat that is characterized by pain and there can be coughs. Because this is especially concerned with children, complaints that often arise are the child will not eat because his throat hurts.

Then, the child may be a small cough, but not accompanied by a cold. Some other signs, such as the enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck that are one sign of a throat infection will usually only be recognized by the doctor.

Signs of rheumatic fever usually arises 2-3 weeks after the infection of the throat begins. At this time, symptoms of inflammation are caused by immunological reactions. The most common is inflammation in the joints. Large joints, especially in the knees, elbows, wrists, and ankles, will swell, appear reddish, feel warm if palpable and felt sick by the child. Often, this inflammation will move from one point to another, such as the first joint on the knee, the next to the elbow, and so on. So that inflammation in this joint is called a polyarthritis of migrants, meaning inflammation in many moving joints.

Another sign that can arise is if the disease affects the brain, so there is a symptom called chorea. The Chorea is involuntary movements, especially on the hands, but can also occur on the legs, face and other parts of the body. So, usually the hand will be twitching, but the child does not intend to move it. In the lighter chorea, maybe the child will just complain of difficulty writing.

Well, although these symptoms are quite "strange", this is really a medical symptom, so do not be immediately regarded as mystical events that need treatment from Balian or the like! In addition, chorea can be accompanied by behavioral changes, such as children suddenly angry and crying for no reason, and so on.

The most exciting and alarming thing is if until the heart is affected. Usually, the symptoms that arise are shortness of breath, heart palpitations, rapid heartbeat, chest pains, and rapid Capek. In children who are still smaller, usually, the child will quickly get tired and not come to play with his friends. While the older children, also will not be a lot of activity and if asked would usually admit themselves that he quickly tired and shortness of breath.

There are also other signs, such as subcutaneous nodules, i.e. small bumps under the skin. However, since it doesn't seem obvious, it's usually only a doctor can find – it's not always. Another sign is a red rash on the skin, called erythema marginatum, but this sign is included that is less common.

Causes of rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease is a complication of rheumatic fever, which is caused by A throat infection by type A Streptococcus bacteria. The transmission of A type A Streptococcus infection can occur directly through a splash of saliva or phlegm When an infected person sneezes or coughs. In addition, to direct, transmission can also occur through objects contaminated with bacteria.

Rheumatic heart disease can occur at any age, but most often occurs in children aged 5-15 years.
Factors of environmental hygiene and health conditions in general and nutrition, of course, have the role of rheumatic fever disease.

Then, there is also a genetic role in it, so there are people who are indeed "talented" to experience rheumatic fever after suffering a throat infection. This "talent" is also often found in more than one member in a family.

Rheumatic fever can be started from a throat infection. This throat infection is often the result of a bacteria whose name is A Group of streptococcal. In all people, such infections will cause immune reactions or immune reactions to fight these bacteria.

Well, on people who are "gifted", this immune reaction will not only slaughter the streptococcal bacteria, but it will also attack the body itself. Especially in certain parts of the body, such as the joints, heart, skin, and brain, resulting in inflammatory reactions or inflammation.

Diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease
In advance, the doctor will examine the symptoms, health history, and the patient's overall condition. After that, the diagnosis process is continued by ensuring that there is a throat infection caused by A type A Streptococcus bacteria.

In detecting bacteria, the doctor will perform a blood test and bacterial culture test by taking samples of the swab or a sore throat.

After that, the diagnosis process can be continued by performing a series of tests to examine heart conditions. Some of the tests used are:
  • Chest X-ray photo
  • Electrocardiography
  • Echocardiography
  • Cardiac MRI
Treatment of rheumatic heart disease
The treatment of rheumatic heart disease will be adjusted to the damage that occurs in the heart. In this case, the patient is advised to consult a physician in advance. The doctor will determine the appropriate treatment method and according to the patient's condition.

The treatment of rheumatic heart disease can be given medication. The drug used to treat rheumatic heart disease, among others:
  • Antibiotics, such as penicillins. Antibiotic administration aims to eradicate type A Streptococcus bacteria.
  • Aspirin, the drug is administered to relieve inflammation.
  • Corticosteroids, such as prednisone. The administration of corticosteroid drugs also aims to relieve inflammation.
If Drug Administration is not effective or conditions deteriorate, treatment can be done by surgery. Surgery is a heart valve repair or replacement depending on the conditions. Discuss further the appropriate operation as well as the benefits and risks of such operations.

Complications of rheumatic heart disease
The rheumatic heart disease that does not get treatment potentially causes complications, including:
  • Heart failure
  • Arrhythmia
  • Pulmonary Edema
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Endocarditis
Prevention of rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease can be prevented by avoiding various factors causing the Streptococcus infection which became the beginning of the appearance of rheumatic heart disease. Efforts that can be done, among others:
  • Wash your hands after activity.
  • Apply a healthy diet.
  • Adequate rest.
  • Avoid sharing personal belongings.
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